Table 1

Characteristics of Recruit Assessment Program male responders deployed between September 1, 2001 and June 30, 2004

Characteristic

Study Sample

N = 8391 (%)

Postdeployment

PTSDa

N = 226 (%)


Age, y

17-18

54.0

54.9

19-20

32.0

32.3

20+

14.1

12.8

Education

High school or less

82.4

83.6

More than high school

17.6

16.4

AFQT score

< 42 (below 25th percentile)

22.9

36.3

42-54 (25-49th percentile)

25.3

23.5

55-70 (50-74th percentile)

25.5

24.3

> 70 (above 74th percentile)

26.4

15.9

Parents' education

High school or less

36.0

36.3

Some college

29.7

31.9

College graduate

27.8

25.7

Unknown

6.6

6.2

Race/ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

63.8

68.1

Hispanic

23.6

19.9

Black non-Hispanic

4.5

4.0

Other

8.1

8.0

Marital status at time of deployment

Not married

84.3

77.9

Married

15.8

22.1

Number of close friends

0-1

12.1

16.8

2 or more

87.9

83.2

Alcohol drinking behavior at service entry

Nondrinker

32.7

30.5

Non-problematic drinker

34.8

38.9

Potential problematic drinker

32.6

30.5

Smoking status at service entry

Never

67.8

61.1

Past smoker

3.3

3.5

Current < 2 pack years

19.2

24.3

Current ≥ 2 pack years

9.7

11.1

Cumulative length of deploymentsb

< 3 months

11.9

12.8

3-6 months

51.6

53.1

6-9 months

32.2

27.9

> 9 months

4.4

6.2

Number of deployments

1

95.0

88.5

2-3

5.1

11.5

Diagnosed with mental health disorder prior to deployment

No

98.1

95.6

Yes

1.9

4.4

Self-reported visiting mental health professional in last 5 years

No

98.8

98.2

Yes

1.2

1.8

Self-reported poor mental healthc

None or a little of the time

78.0

74.8

Some, most, or all the time

22.0

25.2

Non-ACE past traumatic eventd

No

59.7

59.7

Yes

40.3

40.3


Abbreviations: ACE = adverse childhood experiences; AFQT = Armed Forces Qualification Test; PTSD = posttraumatic stress disorder.

As a result of rounding, percentages may not sum to 100%.

aDiagnosed with PTSD after returning from first deployment in support of the operations in Iraq and Afghanistan and within 2 years of last deployment. Responders with a PTSD diagnosis prior to first deployment are excluded from this model.

bCumulative number of days deployed until first diagnosis, 2 years after last deployment, or June 30, 2005, whichever came first.

cAverage of Likert scale responses to 4 survey questions asking about feeling downhearted and blue, nervous, down in the dumps, and not calm or peaceful, during the past year.

dSelf-reported having a severe accident, seeing someone badly injured or killed, being attacked or assaulted, threatened with a weapon, or being raped.

LeardMann et al. BMC Public Health 2010 10:437   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-437

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