Table 1

Characteristics of North Texas Healthy Heart study participants by presence of coronary artery calcification-- Fort Worth, Texas, 2006-8 (N = 510)

Variable

Any calcification, n (%)

No calcification, n (%)

p-value*


Age, mean (SD)

58.4 (8.6)

53.4 (6.9)

< .001


Body mass index, mean (SD)

32.0 (7.0)

30.4 (6.0)

0.01


Gender

< .001

Female

90 (28.4)

227 (71.6)

Men

96 (49.7)

97 (50.3)


Race/ethnicity

< .001

Non-Hispanic white

71 (50.0)

71 (50.0)

Non-Hispanic African American

59 (35.3)

108 (64.7)

Hispanic

52 (26.9)

141 (73.1)


Education

0.39

Less than High school

34 (30.9)

76 (69.1)

High school graduate/GED

39 (37.5)

65 (62.5)

Some college or higher

113 (38.2)

183 (61.8)


Smoked ≥ 100 cigarettes in one's life

0.002

Yes

95 (44.4)

119 (55.6)

No

89 (30.8)

200 (69.2)


Diabetes Mellitus status

0.005

Yes

46 (48.9)

48 (51.1)

No

139 (33.7)

274 (66.3)


Hypertension status

0.004

Yes

111 (42.7)

149 (57.3)

No

73 (30.2)

169 (69.8)


Hyperlipidemia status

< 0.001

Yes

119 (44.6)

148 (55.4)

No

67 (27.8)

174 (72.2)


First degree relative with history of coronary heart disease

0.01

Yes

106 (41.9)

147 (58.1)

No

76 (31.3)

167 (68.7)


Depressive symptomatology

Low (CES-D score < 17)

135 (36.3)

237 (63.7)

High (CES-D score ≥ 17)

50 (36.5)

87 (63.5)


Response to unfair treatment

0.96

Active

123 (37.0)

209 (63.0)

Passive

63 (36.8)

108 (63.2)


Experienced racial discrimination

Yes

125 (35.5)

227 (64.5)

No

61 (38.6)

97 (61.4)


* P value corresponds to a two sided p value for t-tests for continuous variables and to chi square analyses for categorical variables.

Cardarelli et al. BMC Public Health 2010 10:285   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-285

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