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Open Access Highly Accessed Debate

Repeal of the Pennsylvania motorcycle helmet law: reflections on the ethical and political dynamics of public health reform

Robert A Cherry

Author Affiliations

Surgery and Public Health Sciences, Penn State Shock Trauma Center, MC H075, Penn State Milton S Hershey Medical Center, 500 University Drive, Hershey, Pennsylvania 17033, USA

BMC Public Health 2010, 10:202  doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-202

Published: 21 April 2010

Abstract

Background

In June of 2003 the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania passed S. 259 which repealed the state's 35-year old motorcycle helmet safety law. Motorcycle helmets are now only required for riders who are under the age of 21 and for those who are 21 years or older who have had a motorcycle operator's license for less than two years, or who have not completed an approved motorcycle safety course.

Discussion

Prior to the repeal, and in the years that have followed, there has been intense debate and controversy regarding Pennsylvania's decision to repeal the law that required universal and mandatory use of motorcycle helmets for all riders. Proponents of the helmet repeal have argued in favor of individual rights and freedom, whereas advocates for mandatory helmet laws have voiced concerns over public health and safety based on available data.

Summary

This commentary will discuss the policy-making process that led to Pennsylvania's repeal of the motorcycle helmet safety law from an ethical, political, and economic perspective.