Table 5

The distribution of patient, escort and public health system costs by respondents' characteristics, pattern of consultation and services given in public health facilities prior to TB diagnosis.

Median (mean cost per patient)1


Characteristics

N (%)

Patient cost

Escort cost

Public health system cost

Total cost


Gender:

Female

413 (45)

16.4 (29)

4 (36)

3 (8)

28 (73)

Male

511 (55)

16 (28)

1.4 (13)

3 (6.7)

26 (48)

Residence

Urban

473 (51)

11.5 (28)

0.6 (16)

3 (6)2

20.5 (50)

Rural

451 (49)

20 (29.5)

5.2 (33)

2.6 (8)

32 (70)

Monthly income

< 100 Birr

605 (66)

15 (25.5)

2.7 (24)

3 (8)2

26.2 (57)

100-200 Birr

177 (19)

19 (36)

2 (10)

2.6 (5)

28.5 (51)

> 200 Birr

142 (15)

19 (33)

0.6 (40)

3 (6)

26.4 (78)

Did you receive food aid from the government?

Yes

231 (25)

11.9 (31.4)

5.2 (13.4)

3 (7.4)

30 (52)

No

693 (75)

15.2 (28)

1.5 (27)

3 (7)

25.6 (61)

Were you entitled for free medical care?

Yes

239 (26)

14 (25)

4.5 (23)

4 (12)3

28 (60)

No

347 (38)

16 (26)

2 (32)

2.6 (5)

25.6 (63)

Did not ask

325 (36)

19 (34)

2 (15.5)

2.3 (6)

29 (55)


Type of tuberculosis disease

Smear-positive pulmonary

537 (58)

13 (24)2

1.5 (8)2

3 (6)2

21.6 (38)2

Smear-negative pulmonary

387 (42)

23.3 (34.4)

5 (45)

2.6 (8.5)

36 (88)

HIV sero-status

Negative

511 (56)

16.2 (29)

2.4 (26)

3 (7)

27 (62)

Positive

410 (44)

16 (28)

2 (21)

3 (7.3)

26.3 (55)


Type of care providers consulted prior to TB diagnosis

Only public health facilities

497 (54)

10 (21)3

2.4 (26)

3 (7)

21 (55)

Both alternative care providers and public health facilities

427 (46)

26 (38)

2 (20)

3 (7)

35 (64)


Patients' history of diagnosis of TB after

visiting the first diagnostic facilities

They were screened and diagnosed for TB

816 (88)

15 (26)3

2 (22)2

3 (7)

25 (55)

They were not screened for TB

108 (12)

32 (52)

8 (33)

3.4 (10)

53 (88)


1 Figures are computed at Ethiopia National Bank exchange rate of Birr 8.8 to 1 United States Dollar in 2005/06. 2 P value < 0.05. 3 P-value < 0.01.

Mesfin et al. BMC Public Health 2010 10:173   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-173

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