Table 4

Crude association between functional dependency and type of social network, general characteristics, lifestyle and medical history of older adults (Bivariate analysis)

Independent n = 2873

Dependent n = 475

Crude Prevalence ratio

Confidence interval at 95%


I. Type of social network

%

%

Diverse with community participation

90.1

9.9

1.0

Diverse without community participation

88.6

11.4

1.2

0.8 - 1.6

Widowed

82.0

18.0

1.8

1.3 - 2.5

Nonfriends-restricted

80.4

19.6

1.9

1.3 - 2.9

Nonfamily-restricted

82.8

17.2

1.7

1.1 - 2.7

II. General characteristics

Sex

Men

88.1

11.9

1.0

Women

83.8

16.3

1.4

1.2 - 1.6

Age

<75 years

90.0

10.0

1.0

75 years or more

90.0

10.0

1.0

1.9 - 2.7

Schooling, years, mean (SD)

3.0 (2.2)

2.5 (2.2)

0.9

0.8 - 0.9

State of residence*

Central

81.7

18.3

1.0

South

88.0

12.0

0.6

0.5 - 0.8

West

85.8

14.2

0.8

0.6 - 0.9

North

86.8

13.2

0.7

0-5 - 0.9

III. Lifestyle

Physical activity

Regular

93.4

6.6

1.0

Irregular and physical inactivity

82.3

17.7

2.7

2.1 - 3.4

Diet

Healthy diet

87.3

12.7

1.0

Unhealthy diet

81.2

18.8

1.5

1.2 -1.8

Smoking

No

85.0

15.0

1.0

Yes

87.1

12.9

0.9

0.7 -1.0

IV. Self-rated health

Positive

93.6

6.4

1.0

Negative

81.5

18.5

2.9

2.3 - 3.6

V. Medical history

Number of chronic diseases, mean (SD)

1.2 (1.1)

1.9 (1.2)

1.4

1.4 - 1.5

Depression

Absent

89.9

10.1

1.0

Probable depression

74.1

25.9

2.6

2.1 - 3.1

Established depression

57.6

42.4

4.2

3.4 - 5.2


Doubova (Dubova) et al. BMC Public Health 2010 10:104   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-104

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