Table 1

General characteristics of males and females in the Third National Health and Nutrition Survey, 1988–1994.

Characteristic

Male (n = 9,401)

Female (n = 10,649)

Characteristic

Male (n = 9,401)

Female (n = 10,649)


Age, years

42.28 (0.42)*

44.13 (0.48)

Tried to lose weight in the past 12 months, % yes

29.14 (0.66)

49.84 (1.03)


Race-ethnicity, %

Trying to lose weight now, % yes

24.64 (0.95)

40.15 (1.11)

Non-Hispanic White

76.02 (1.32)

75.39 (1.25)

Would like to change weight, %

Non-Hispanic Black

10.46 (0.55)

11.90 (0.78)

Weigh more

12.67 (0.59)

4.72 (0.31)

Mexican-American

5.72 (0.48)

4.80 (0.37)

Weigh less

49.10 (0.89)

69.99 (0.78)

Other

7.80 (0.92)

7.91 (0.79)

Stay the same

38.23 (0.82)

25.29 (0.68)


Highest educational attainment, %

Perception of current weight, %

Less than Primary

0.81 (0.14)

0.82 (0.17)

Overweight

42.61 (0.84)

50.56 (0.90)

Primary

6.22 (0.46)

5.97 (0.42)

Underweight

8.08 (0.53)

4.36 (0.23)

Secondary

20.66 (0.88)

19.31 (0.81)

Just right

49.31 (0.75)

35.08 (0.88)

Tertiary

45.90 (0.96)

53.26 (0.93)

Level of activity with people of same age

Beyond Tertiary

26.41 (1.16)

20.64 (1.01)

More active

37.63 (0.95)

28.96 (0.89)

Marital status, %

Less active

18.65 (0.88)

25.26 (0.83)


Never Married

23.24 (1.15)

17.67 (0.82)

About the same

43.72 (0.94)

45.78 (0.69)

Married

66.78 (0.96)

58.54 (0.92)

Personal perception of health status

Widowed

2.44 (0.21)

11.10 (0.56)

Excellent

21.85 (0.80)

19.03 (0.88)

Divorced

7.54 (0.47)

12.69 (0.61)

Very good

31.38 (0.76)

30.26 (0.89)

Annual income, %

Good

32.42 (0.63)

33.35 (0.89)


None

0.30 (0.11)

0.34 (0.14)

Fair

11.25 (0.65)

14.01 (0.72)

$1 to 9,999

9.00 (0.61)

13.48 (0.82)

Poor

2.64 (0.19)

3.35 (0.28)

$10,000 to 19,999

20.45 (0.80)

22.24 (0.77)

Health status as assessed by medical doctor

$20,000 to 29,999

16.97 (0.72)

16.85 (0.63)

Excellent

47.79 (3.06)

45.80 (2.68)

$30,000 to 39,999

15.79 (0.69)

13.52 (0.64)

Very good

24.40 (2.10)

24.00 (1.78)

$40,000 to 49,999

12.51 (0.75)

11.54 (0.69)

Good

21.09 (2.16)

22.61 (2.43)

$50,000 or over

24.98 (1.18)

22.02 (1.33)

Fair

5.93 (0.57)

6.40 (0.57)

Ever smoked cigarettes, % yes

61.74 (0.90)

44.45 (1.00)

Poor

0.79 (0.12)

1.19 (0.19)

Time since last visit to health professional, months

14.96 (0.44)

8.09 (0.30)

Measured height, m

1.76 (0.00)

1.62 (0.00)

Measured weight, kg

81.57 (0.36)

68.87 (0.38)

Self-reported height, m

1.77 (0.00)

1.63 (0.00)

Self-reported weight, kg

82.06 (0.33)

67.24 (0.35)

Measured BMI†, kg/m2

26.40 (0.11)

26.28 (0.15)


* figures in parentheses are standard errors. †body mass index = (weight in kilograms)/(height in meters)2

Villanueva BMC Public Health 2001 1:11   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-1-11

Open Data