Table 2

Univariate conditional logistic regression models of clinical and recent major life event risk factors for suicidea

Risk factor

Cases

n (%)

Controls

n (%)

Odds Ratio

(95% CI)

P-value


Clinical factors

Lifetime history of psychiatric illness

83 (43.5)

29 (15.2)

4.38 (2.54–7.53)

< 0.001

Mental illness on reference date:b

(i) Any diagnosisc

134 (69.1)

50 (25.8)

6.60 (3.83–11.36)

< 0.001

(ii) Affective disorderd

95 (49.0)

12 (6.2)

14.83 (6.49–33.90)

< 0.001

(iii) Dysthymia

17 (8.8)

10 (5.2)

1.78 (0.79–4.02)

0.17

(iv) Anxiety & related disorders

15 (7.7)

16 (8.2)

0.94 (0.46–1.90)

0.86

(v) Personality disorder

65 (33.5)

16 (8.2)

6.44 (3.19–13.01)

< 0.001

(vi) Alcohol/drug-related disordere

57 (29.4)

20 (10.3)

3.64 (2.02–6.58)

< 0.001

Current smoker

103 (53.1)

50 (25.8)

3.52 (2.17–5.72)

< 0.001


Recent life events

Interpersonal

67 (34.5)

38 (19.6)

2.26 (1.38–3.69)

= 0.001

Work or educational

39 (20.1)

33 (17.0)

1.22 (0.73–2.03)

0.44

Health (self or close relative)

42 (21.6)

11 (5.7)

6.17 (2.60–14.61)

< 0.001

Financial

28 (14.4)

20 (10.3)

1.50 (0.80–2.82)

0.21

Forensic/legal

33 (17.0)

8 (4.1)

4.57 (2.02–10.36)

< 0.001

Timing of life event:

(i) Within last month

46 (23.7)

14 (7.2)

5.00 (2.34–10.68)

< 0.001

(ii) Within last 3 months

90 (46.4)

40 (20.6)

3.94 (2.31–6.71)

< 0.001

(iii) Within last 6 months

143 (73.7)

87 (44.8)

3.15 (2.03–4.90)

< 0.001


a Pair-wise analyses conducted on all 194 matched case-control sets, except for: lifetime history of psychiatric illness (191/194 = 98.5%)

b Measured using the Hungarian version of the Mini Neuropsychiatric Interview (M.I.N.I. v5.1) [11-13] to generate DSM-IV diagnoses

c Includes affective disorder, dysthymia, schizophrenia & related disorders, manic episode, generalised anxiety disorder, hypomania, panic disorder, agoraphobia, social phobia, OCD, PTSD, alcohol abuse/dependence, drug abuse/dependence, eating disorders

d Includes major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder

e Abuse or dependence

Almasi et al. BMC Psychiatry 2009 9:45   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-9-45

Open Data