Table 3

Lifetime rate of axis-I disorders in adults with autism spectrum disorders (N = 122, if not otherwise specified)

Criteria met DSM-IV


Autistic disorder

(N=5)

Asperger's disorder

(N=67)

PDD NOS

(N=50)

Total

(N=122)

AS – PDD NOSa

Male

(N=82)

Female

(N=40)

Male – Femalea


N

%

N

%

N

%

N

%

χ2

(df = 1)

p

N

%

N

%

χ2

(df = 1)

p


Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

2

40

24

36

26

52

52

43

3.06

0.09

35

43

17

43

0.00

1.00

Chronic tic disorders

0

0

14

21

11

22

25

20

0.02

1.00

20

24

5

13

2.33

0.16

Mood disorder

3

60

35

52

27

54

65

53

0.04

1.00

39

48

26

65

3.29

0.08

Psychotic disorders

0

0

10

15

5

10

15

12

0.62

0.58

13

16

2

5

2.94

0.14

Substance related disorders

1

20

4

6

14

28

19

16

10.67

0.002

14

17

5

13

0.43

0.60

Anxiety disorder N = 119

0

0

34

51

25

50

59

50

0.01

1.00

37

45

22

55

1.05

0.34

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

0

0

14

21

15

30

29

24

1.27

0.29

16

20

13

33

2.50

0.12

Impulse control disorder

0

0

4

6

7

14

11

9

2.17

0.20

6

7

5

13

0.88

0.50

Somatoform disorder N = 119

0

0

2

3

4

8

6

5

1.48

0.40

4

5

2

5

0.00

1.00

Eating disorder N = 119

0

0

2

3

4

8

6

5

1.48

0.40

2

2

4

10

3.29

0.09


aFisher's exact χ2 test

Hofvander et al. BMC Psychiatry 2009 9:35   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-9-35

Open Data