Table 4

CES-D scores at six month follow-up as a function of treatment use and summary of regressions predicting CES-D at six month follow-up

Treatment Users

Treatment Non Users

Regression Statistics


Specific Treatments

Meanb

SE

N

Meanb

SE

N

B

SE

p

95%CI


Evidence Based

Antidepressants

16.65

1.03

93

16.10

.62

253

.50

1.20

.679

-1.86–2.85

CBT

18.62

1.32

55

15.80

.57

291

3.61

1.48

.015*

.71–6.51

Self-help books

15.29

1.10

80

16.54

.60

302

-1.11

1.26

.377

-3.59–1.36

Exercise

16.28

.66

223

16.20

.89

123

.13

1.11

.907

-2.05–2.31

Yoga

15.37

1.61

37

16.35

.56

309

-.82

1.70

.630

-4.17–2.52

Massage

14.54

1.29

58

16.59

.58

288

-1.80

1.42

.206

-4.58-.99

Relaxation therapy

12.59

1.43

46

16.81

.56

300

-3.78

1.55

.015*

-6.82–-.74

Cut out alcohol

15.95

1.30

57

16.31

.58

289

-.27

1.42

.848

-3.07–2.52

Use vitamins

13.91

1.46

46

16.61

.57

300

-2.75

1.56

.079

-5.82-.32

Non-evidence based

Counselling

16.22

1.48

44

16.25

.57

302

-.35

1.59

.828

-3.47–2.78

Eating chocolate

15.75

1.07

85

16.41

.61

261

-.71

1.23

.565

-3.13–1.71

Listening to music

16.09

.72

187

16.44

.78

159

-.63

1.07

.554

-2.73–1.47

Being with pets

14.80

.74

172

17.68

.74

174

-3.19

1.05

.002**

-5.25–-1.14

Doing things you enjoy

15.82

.67

211

16.93

.84

135

-1.13

1.07

.292

-3.24-.98

Meditation

15.51

1.39

50

16.23

.57

296

-.26

1.50

.863

-3.21–2.69

Avoiding caffeine

14.03

1.59

38

16.52

.56

308

-2.47

1.67

.140

-5.76-.82

Use alcohol

16.50

1.15

74

16.18

.60

272

.063

1.30

.961

-2.49–2.61

Sources of Help

GP

14.17

1.08

84

16.91

.60

262

-2.77

1.24

.026*

-5.20–-.34

Counsellor/psychologist

15.56

1.37

52

16.32

.57

294

-.68

1.49

.650

-3.60–2.25

Family and friends

16.59

.65

227

15360

.90

119

.81

1.11

.465

-1.37–3.00

Categories of Treatments

Professional treatments (0–6)

-.15

.39

.707

-.92-.63

Everyday treatments (0–4)

-.44

.33

.179

-1.09-.20

Complementary treatments (0–4)

-1.13

.63

.073

-2.36-.11

Dietary treatments (0–6)

-.85

.61

.181

-2.10-.40


Notes: a: Linear regression was used for all analyses adjusting for condition and pre-intervention depression.

b: Estimated marginal means adjusted for mean CESD at pre-intervention (20.86).

Christensen et al. BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:13   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-6-13

Open Data