Table 1

Clinical and sociodemographic characteristics of 224 suicide attempters who committed suicide or not, died from all causes, or survived during the 12-year follow-up.

Variable

Suicide (N = 17)

Not suicide (N = 207)

Death, all causes (N = 50)

Survived (N = 174)


Gender a (%)

Male

53

3

62

39

Mean age (years) b

36.6 ± 8.1

36.2 ± 12.3

41.9 ± 14.3

34.5 ± 10.8

Marital status c (%)

Single

53

47

40

50

Married

35

24

28

24

Widowed

6

3

12

1

Separated

6

25

20

25

Had children (%)

59

55

64

53

Physical illness or disability d (%)

53

42

62

37

Mental health symptoms (%)

Last year

65

72

72

71

Last three months

94

86

92

85

Visited general practitioner

during the last year (%)

79

86

91

84

during the last week (%)

6

3

6

13

Lifetime in-patient psychiatric treatment (%)

43

51

54

49

Method of index attempt (%)

Violent

0

9

6

9

Lethality of index attempt (%)

Mild

40

48

56

46

Intermediate

20

31

19

33

Severe

40

21

25

21

Used alcohol before the attempt (%)

71

65

66

65

Previous parasuicide (%)

47

51

50

48

Psychiatric consultation (%)

47

47

44

48

Beck Depression Inventory

21.1 ± 12.4

20.8 ± 10.6

22.5 ± 11.7

20.3 ± 10.4

Beck Hopelessness Scale

9.3 ± 5.7

9.0 ± 5.1

9.0 ± 5.6

9.0 ± 5.0

Beck Suicidal Intention Scale e

14.5 ± 7.7

10.7 ± 6.5

12.2 ± 7.1

10.7 ± 6.5

Self Esteem Scale

21.5 ± 4.0

22.5 ± 2.5

21.8 ± 3.4

22.6 ± 2.4

State Trait Anger Scale

36.2 ± 7.2

35.2 ± 9.0

35.3 ± 8.5

35.2 ± 9.0

Recommended aftercare f (%)

Nothing

24

23

22

23

Outpatient

76

56

60

57

Inpatient

-

21

18

20

Suicide method (%)

Drug overdose

59

Hanging

18

Shooting

6

Jumping from high place

6

Jumping under vehicle

12


a Death (all causes) vs. survived Fisher's exact test, p = 0.006 b Death (all causes) vs. survived F = 3.9, df = 222, p < 0.001 c Death (all causes) vs. survived: widowed vs. other χ2 = 10.3, df = 1, p = 0.001 d Death (all causes) vs. survived Fisher's exact test, p = 0.002 e Suicide vs. not suicide F = 2.3, df = 221, p = 0.02 f Suicide vs. not suicide Likelihood ratio χ2 = 7.8, df = 2, p = 0.02

Suominen et al. BMC Psychiatry 2004 4:11   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-4-11

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