Table 2

Treatment and discharge characteristics of males and females with FEPM
Gender 95% CI of OR p value
Male Female OR LCI UCI
Variable (n=71) (n=47)
Treatment variables
Length of time in service (in weeks) M (SD) 64.8 (34.1) 59.1 (30.1) 1.01 0.99 1.02 .353
Admitted to hospital (%Yes) a % (n) 91.5 (65) 80.9 (38) 2.71 0.89 8.30 .080
Number of admissions a M (SD) 1.5 (1.1) 1.2 (0.8) 1.36 0.88 2.10 .173
Compliance with treatment (%Yes) a % (n) 56.5 (39) 50.0 (21) 1.28 0.59 2.77 .533
Substance use disorder (SUD) a b
No SUD % (n) 23.9 (17) 55.3 (26) na
Remitted SUD (decreased or stopped) % (n) 56.3 (40) 25.5 (12) 5.34 2.17 13.14 <.001
Persistent SUD (increased or no change) % (n) 19.7 (14) 19.1 (9) 2.93 0.97 8.89 .056
Suicide attempt in treatment (%Yes) a % (n) 7.0 (5) 4.3 (2) 1.51 0.27 8.32 .639
Symptoms at discharge
CGI-S severity score c M (SD) 2.2 (1.2) 2.2 (1.2) 0.99 0.69 1.42 .950
CGI-BP depression d M (SD) 1.4 (0.9) 1.4 (1.0) 0.99 0.65 1.49 .953
CGI-BP mania e M (SD) 1.4 (1.0) 1.5 (1.0) 1.03 0.65 1.64 .890
Insight at discharge (%No) f % (n) 7.0 (5) 4.3 (2) 1.88 0.32 11.14 .485
Functional level at discharge
Employment/occupation (%Yes) g % (n) 56.5 (35) 72.5 (29) 0.50 0.19 1.31 .158
GAF h M (SD) 68.8 (14.6) 71.1 (12.3) 0.99 0.96 1.02 .446
Living with family (%Yes) ' M (SD) 77.0 (47) 51.3 (20) 4.30 1.44 12.79 .009

Note: OR - odds ratio; LCI - lower confidence interval; UCI - upper confidence interval; CGI-S - Clinical Global Impressions Scale - Severity; CGI-BP - Clinical Global Impressions Scale - Bipolar Disorder; GAF - Global Assessment of Functioning.

a Covariate was time in service.

b No substance use was reference category in logistic regression.

c Covariates were time in service and CGI-S at entry, unadjusted means and standard deviations are reported.

d Covariates were time in service and CGI-BP depression at entry, unadjusted means and standard deviations are reported.

e Covariates were time in service and CGI-BP mania at entry, unadjusted means and standard deviations are reported.

f Covariates were time in service and insight at service entry.

g Covariates were time in service and employment status at entry.

h Covariates were time in service and GAF score at entry.

i Covariates were time in service and living with family at service entry.

Cotton et al.

Cotton et al. BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:82   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-13-82

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