Table 3

Differences in CD-RISC item and total scores in the matched case–control sample
Item Cases Controls t p d
1. Able to adapt to change 3.23 (1.10) 3.36 (1.14) −0.53a .595 −0.12
2. Can deal with whatever comes 2.66 (1.10) 3.21 (0.93) −2.48b .015 −0.54
3. Tries to see humorous side of problems 2.05 (1.30) 2.45 (1.44) −1.34b .184 −0.29
4. Coping with stress can strengthen me 1.27 (1.38) 1.81 (1.57) −1.67b .099 −0.37
5. Tend to bounce back after illness or hardship 3.15 (0.91) 3.60 (0.73) −2.43a .018 −0.54
6. Can achieve goals despite obstacles 2.56 (1.42) 3.40 (0.91) −3.24b .002 −0.71
7. Can stay focused under pressure 2.58 (1.28) 3.24 (1.06) −2.57a .012 −0.57
8. Not easily discouraged by failure 2.68 (1.25) 3.31 (1.05) −2.50a .015 −0.55
9. Thinks of self as strong person 2.95 (1.32) 3.33 (0.85) −1.57b .120 −0.35
10. Can handle unpleasant feelings 2.63 (1.22) 3.38 (1.06) −2.98b .004 −0.65
Total score 25.93 (6.65) 31.10 (6.12) −3.65a < .001 −0.81

adf = 80, bdf = 81.

Tran et al.

Tran et al. BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:47   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-13-47

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