Table 1

Sample characteristics
Sex Male Female
N (%) 113 (38.6) 180 (61.4)
Age Mean (SD) Range
Years 82.1 (6.6) 66–99
Educationa < 10 yearsb 10–12 yearsc > 12 yearsd
N (%) 144 (49.1) 109 (37.2) 39 (13.3)
Marital status Single Married Widowed or divorced
N (%) 24 (8.2) 123 (42.0) 146 (49.8)
Traumata War-relatede Other lifetimef Total lifetime
Mean (SD) 1.8 (1.0) 1.8 (1.4) 3.6 (1.7)
Zonea Western Allied Soviet Both
N (%) 117 (40.1) 170 (58.2) 5 (1.7)
Statusg Resilient Mild-to-moderate trauma PTSD (full or sub-threshold)
N (%) 170 (58.0) 81 (27.6) 42 (14.3)h
With respect to status
Symptoms of depression
N (%) 6 (3.5) 5 (6.2) 8 (19.0)
Voluntary work
N (%) 49 (28.8) 18 (22.2) 4 (9.5)
CD-RISC total score
Mean (SD) 31.29 (6.89) 28.59 (6.71) 25.93 (6.65)

aN = 292. Attained degree of education: b primary education or lower secondary education; c upper secondary education or vocational education and training; d university. e Includes bombing, civilian WRTs, WRTs by occupational forces, war effort, prisoner of war. f As determined with the TLEQ. g Based on Bonanno et al.’s [24] criteria. h Full PTSD was present in 6 (2.0%) participants.

Tran et al.

Tran et al. BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:47   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-13-47

Open Data