Table 1

Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of PTSD patients and controls
Variables PTSD Controls p
(n = 35) (n = 25)
Agea (y) 32.6 ± 9.1 29.1 ± 9.7 .01
Sex (f/m) 16/19 17/8 .09
Region of Origin (%) .06
  Africa 20.0% 8.0%
  Balkan 17.2% 48.0%
  Middle East 62.8% 44.0%
Smokers (%) 37.1% 16.0% .07
Psychotropic medication (%) 37.1% 0% <.0005
  Hypnotics 14.3% 0%
  Anxiolytics 11.4% 0%
  Antidepressives 25.7% 0%
  Neuroleptics 8.6% 0%
Contraceptives (%) 2.8% 16.0% .10
Comorbid depression (%) 77.1% 0% <.0005
Number of traumatic event typesa
  War or torture events 10.8 ± 5.4 2.3 ± 5.0 <.0005
  CAPS events 6.9 ± 2.1 3.4 ± 2.0 <.0005
CAPS Scorea 80.0 ± 17.5 5.4 ± 11.2 <.0005
HAMD Scorea 26.1 ± 8.2 4.1 ± 5.6 <.0005
SOMS Scorea 28.7 ± 12.4 5.5 ± 8.5 <.0005

aData are presented as mean ± SD.

*For pair-wise group comparisons of continuous variables, we performed t-tests, differences of categorical variables were evaluated by applying χ2 tests for independence. (Y) = years; (f) = female; (m) = male; CAPS, Clinician Administered PTSD Scale; HAM-D, Hamilton Depression Rating Scale; SOMS-7, Screening for Somatoform Symptoms-7.

Gola et al.

Gola et al. BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:40   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-13-40

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