Table 1

Socio-demographic risk factors by probable HIV dementia (PHD)
Number in study (N,%) Probable HIV dementia (n,%) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR§ (95% CI)
Sex P=0.536
Male 169 (27.3) 105 (62.1) 1
Female 449 (72.7) 291 (64.8) 1.12 (0.78-1.62)
Age (years) P=0.927
19-24 58 (9.4) 36 (62.1) 1
25-34 238 (38.6) 150 (63.0) 1.04 (0.58-1.88)
35-44 217 (35.1) 147 (67.7) 1.28 (0.70-2.34)
45+ 103 (16.7) 62 (60.2) 0.92 (0.48-1.79)
Marital status P=0.669 P=0.592
Currently married/Cohabiting 275 (48.5) 188 (63.1) 1 1
Widowed 75 (13.2) 54 (65.1) 1.09 (0.65-1.81) 1.12 (0.65-1.94)
Separated/Divorced 132 (23.3) 104 (72.7) 1.56 (1.01-2.41) 1.56 (0.99-2.44)
Single 85 (15.0) 49 (52.7) 0.65 (0.41-1.04) 0.63 (0.39-1.02)
Education level P=0.276 P=0.246
No education 65 (10.5) 45 (69.2) 1 1
Primary only 289 (46.8) 187 (64.7) 0.81 (0.46-1.45) 0.84 (0.47-1.50)

Secondary and

Above

264 (42.7) 164 (62.1) 0.73 (0.41-1.30) 0.73 (0.40-1.31)
Religion P=0.081 P=0.167
Christians 535 (86.9) 336 (62.8) 1 1
Moslems 81 (13.1) 59 (72.8) 1.59 (0.94-2.67) 1.60 (0.94-2.70)
Employment Status P=0.009 P=0.006
Farmer/Fisherman 97 (15.7) 67 (69.1) 1 1
Professional/Clerical 43 (7.0) 29 (67.4) 0.93 (0.43-2.00) 0.87 (0.41-1.90)
Tradesperson/artisan/transport worker 262 (42.4) 174 (66.4) 0.88 (0.54-1.46) 0.86 (0.51-1.44)
Unemployed/house Wife 131 (21.2) 85 (64.9) 0.83 (0.47-1.45) 0.78 (0.43-1.42)
Others (including students) 84 (13.6) 40 (47.6) 0.41 (0.22-0.75) 0.40 (0.21-0.73)

Note:§ Adjusted for age and sex.

Nakku et al.

Nakku et al. BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:126   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-13-126

Open Data