Table 3

Results from regression analyses investigating the associations between effectiveness and subjective distress (CES) of patients experienced involuntary medication and seclusion with other clinical and demographical variables (codes: involuntary medication (1); seclusion (0); only models with at least one significant predictor beyond baseline scores, are reported here)
Dependent variables Change scores Effectiveness Subjective distress : Mean scores Coercion Experience Scale (CES)
Uncooperativeness Total score CES

Factor

Humiliation

Factor

Physical adverse effects

Factor

Negative environment

Factor

Coercion

    VAS Global Strain
Independent variables1 df(3;64) df(4;48) df(1;51) df(3;50) df(3;50) df(2;55) df(1;50)
R² = 0.4*** R² = 0.3*** R² = 0.1 R² = 0.3 R² = 0.3 R² = 0.13* R² = 0.08**
Unstandardized coefficients Unstandardized coefficients Unstandardized coefficients Unstandardized coefficients Unstandardized coefficients Unstandardized coefficients Unstandardized coefficients
Involuntary medication 0.4 −0.6* −0.9* −0.4 −0.6* −0.7 −21*
Female gender n.s. 0.6* n.s. 0.7** 0.7** n.s. n.s.
Age n.s. −0.02* n.s. −0.03** n.s. n.s. n.s.
Married status n.s. n.s n.s. n.s. −0.7** n.s. n.s.
Psychotic disorder 0.9* n.s. n.s. n.s. n.s. n.s. n.s.
Pressure applied from the staff at the start of the measure n.s. 0.7* n.s. n.s. n.s. 0.12* n.s.
Baseline score of Uncooperativeness −0.7*** N/A² N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

* significant at the 0.05 level; ** significant at the 0.01 level; *** significant at the 0.001 level

; 1 Independent variables excluded from all stepwise regression analyses: ethnical minority, voluntary status & coercive experience during previous admissions; ² N/A not applicable.

Georgieva et al.

Georgieva et al. BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:54   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-12-54

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