Table 5

Sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with moderate or high stigma scores (mean score of 2.5 and above)
Variables N* Unadjusted model Fully adjusted model
OR 95%CI OR 95%CI P value
Sex Male 66/138 1.14 0.50 2.01 1.12 0.58 2.15 0.737
Female 33/74 Ref.
Marital status Single** 79/157 1.77 0.94 3.34 3.39 1.40 8.22 0.019
Married 20/55 Ref.
Education College graduate 18/44 075 0.37 1.52 0.44 0.19 1.02 0.057
Non-literate 11/19 1.50 0.56 3.98 1.47 0.43 5.06 0.539
Primary 13/30 0.83 0.37 1.86 1.16 0.45 2.98 0.756
Secondary 57/119 Ref.
Religion Moslem 20/51 0.71 0.36 1.38 0.59 0.26 1.35 0.210
Others 25/48 1.19 0.60 2.34 1.55 0.70 3.47 0.284
Orthodox 54/113 Ref.
Age (years) <25 13/30 0.99 0.33 2.97 0.54 1.15 2.03 0.365
25-34 43/89 1.22 0.48 3.06 0.77 0.17 1.69 0.633
35-44 33/70 1.16 0.45 2.99 0.71 0.23 1.88 0.543
≥45 10/23 Ref.
Residence Rural 31/43 3.84 1.84 8.00 5.67 2.30 13.00 <0.001
Urban 68/169 Ref.
Employment Unemployed 79/149 1.04 0.56 1.88 0.66 0.33 1.35 0.232
Employed 29/63 Ref.
Ethnicity Amhara 43/85 1.79 0.96 3.36 1.88 0.87 4.08 0.110
Oromo 28/50 2.23 1.08 4.60 1.73 0.75 4.01 0.201
Others 28/77 Ref.
Prominent psychotic symptoms Yes 68 2.17 1.19 3.93 2.69 1.36 5.33 0.004
No 144 Ref.

* = indicates number with moderate to high stigma/total in category.

** = includes 6 divorced individuals.

Assefa et al.

Assefa et al. BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:239   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-12-239

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