Healthcare Costs. The stacked line figure displays the average healthcare costs reported at each visit. The sum of each cost component adds up to the total costs represented by the dark line. The total healthcare, emergency room, total medication, and antipsychotic costs were significantly higher for the non-remitted than remitted patients across the 3-year study (all p < 0.05). There was a significant visit effect for total costs, inpatient costs, emergency room costs, total medication, and antipsychotic costs (all p < 0.05). Finally there was a significant baseline remission status by visit interaction for total and emergency room costs (p < 0.05). Outpatient, Other was a heterogeneous category made up of the remaining costs and was not explicitly modeled.
Haynes et al. BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:222 doi:10.1186/1471-244X-12-222