Table 3

Frequency with which variables associated with intensity or course of PSDs were identified in the literaturea
Associated variables Papers in which a variable was identified n (%)
Patient treatment 58 (55.8)
 medication 32 (30.8)
 psychosocial treatment 8 (7.7)
 psychological therapy: cognitive therapy 7 (6.7)
 alternative treatment 5 (4.8)
 psychological therapy: cognitive behavioural therapy 4 (3.8)
 community-based care 1 (1.0)
 day care 1 (1.0)
Psychopathological symptoms 27 (26.0)
 positive symptoms 16 (15.4)
 negative symptoms 14 (13.5)
 global intensity of symptoms 10 (9.6)
 general psychopathology 3 (2.9)
Demographics 25 (24.0)
 employment status 14 (13.5)
 gender 12 (11.5)
 marital status 8 (7.7)
 educational level 7 (6.7)
 age 6 (5.8)
 accommodation type 6 (5.8)
 country of residence 3 (2.9)
 urban or rural residence 3 (2.9)
 social economic status 2 (1.9)
 disability benefits 1 (1.0)
 legal status 1 (1.0)
Disability and functioning 14 (13.5)
 global disability or global functioning 9 (8.7)
 social functioning 7 (6.7)
Emotional functions 13 (12.5)
 depression 10 (9.6)
 feelings of stress 3 (2.9)
 anxiety 2 (1.9)
 dysphoria 1 (1.0)
 flat affect 1 (1.0)
 hostility 1 (1.0)
Cognitive functions 12 (11.5)
 in general 6 (5.8)
 insight 3 (2.9)
 memory 3 (2.9)
 attention 1 (1.0)
 executive functions 1 (1.0)
 intelligence 1 (1.0)
 language 1 (1.0)
Illness-related variables 10 (9.6)
 age at first hospitalization 3 (2.9)
 duration of illness 3 (2.9)
 stage of illness 3 (2.9)
 age at first treatment 2 (1.9)
 age at illness onset 2 (1.9)
 course of illness 2 (1.9)
 duration of untreated psychosis 2 (1.9)
 subtype of schizophrenia 2 (1.9)
 age at discharge from hospital 1 (1.0)
Quality of life and wellbeing 9 (8.7)
 quality of life 5 (4.8)
 wellbeing 5 (4.8)
Social support 8 (7.7)
 in general 6 (5.8)
 family support 1 (1.0)
 friend support 1 (1.0)
Comorbidities 7 (6.7)
 substance abuse 4 (3.8)
 physical comorbidity 3 (2.9)
Side-effects of medication 7 (6.7)
Treatment adherence 7 (6.7)
Relationships with others 6 (5.8)
 in general 3 (2.9)
 family relationships 2 (1.9)
 aggressive behaviour 1 (1.0)
 relationships with health professionals 1 (1.0)
Health services use 5 (4.8)
 duration of hospitalizations 3 (2.9)
 number of hospitalizations 2 (1.9)
 duration of treatment 1 (1.0)
 number of health professional visits 1 (1.0)
Psychomotor functions 5 (4.8)
Self-esteem 5 (4.8)
Support for caregivers 5 (4.8)
 education 5 (4.8)
 in general 1 (1.0)
 mutual support 1 (1.0)

a Only associated variables which were identified in at least 5 papers were taken into account.

Świtaj et al.

Świtaj et al. BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:193   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-12-193

Open Data