|Psychiatric background of hikikomori|
|ICD-10 Chapter V||Psychiatrists||Pediatricians|
|F2: Schizophrenia, schizotypal and delusional disorders||30.0%||3.8%|
|F3: Mood (affective) disorders||2.5%||11.5%|
|F4: Neurotic, stress-related and somatoform disorders||16.3%||50.0%|
|F6: Disorders of adult personality and behavior||21.3%||3.8%|
|F7: Mental retardation||2.5%||0%|
|F8: Disorders of psychological development||17.5%||23.1%|
|Hikikomori is not a disorder||1.3%||0%|
Psychiatrists and pediatricians were requested to select the most applicable psychiatric diagnosis of their experienced hikikomori cases according to the ICD-10.
Tateno et al.
Tateno et al. BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:169 doi:10.1186/1471-244X-12-169