Table 2

Psychiatric background of hikikomori
ICD-10 Chapter V Psychiatrists Pediatricians
(n=80) (n=26)
F2: Schizophrenia, schizotypal and delusional disorders 30.0% 3.8%
F3: Mood (affective) disorders 2.5% 11.5%
F4: Neurotic, stress-related and somatoform disorders 16.3% 50.0%
F6: Disorders of adult personality and behavior 21.3% 3.8%
F7: Mental retardation 2.5% 0%
F8: Disorders of psychological development 17.5% 23.1%
Hikikomori is not a disorder 1.3% 0%
No idea 8.8% 7.7%

Psychiatrists and pediatricians were requested to select the most applicable psychiatric diagnosis of their experienced hikikomori cases according to the ICD-10.

Tateno et al.

Tateno et al. BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:169   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-12-169

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