Table 2

Characteristics of the studies included in the systematic review on knowledge on ADHD prevalence among children and adolescents in Spain
Author, year of publication Region or county Study population Age (in years) Origin of sample (size) Assessment tools Clinical interview Source of information Reference to a diagnostic criterion Impairment criterion Prevalence estimate (%)
Response rate (%) Male-to-female ratio
Geographic location
Guimón et al, 1980* Biscay Children 5-11.5 School ( N= 140 ) Hyperkinesia scales, perinatal history, neurological examination and Bender-Gestalt test, CAT, Corman test, PFT, intelligence scales (WISC, Terman-Merrill), academic performance No Parents and teachers None or non explicit Yes 8.0%
North 4:1
Non explicit
Farré and Narbona, 1989* Navarre Children (only boys) 6-8 School ( N= 561 ) Conner’s scales, Raven's Colored Progressive Matrices, academic performance No Parents and teachers None or non explicit No 1.0%
Northeast
-
93%
Gutiérrez Bengoechea, 1992 Asturias Children 6-11 School ( N= 1,048 ) Conner’s scales, CBCL Yes Parents and teachers DSM-III-R No 4.5%
>90% 4:1
North
Benjumea and Mojarro, 1993* Seville Children and adolescents 6-15 School ( N= 1,791 ) Conner’s scales, PACS Yes Parents and teachers DSM-III-R No 4.0%-6.0%
-
>60%
South
Verdeguer, 1994 Castellon Children 10 General population ( N= 325 ) Conner’s scales, Werry-Weiss-Peters activity rating scale, K-SADS-E, Raven's Colored Progressive Matrices, GAF scale, ADHD rating scale Yes Parents and teachers DSM-III-R Yes 7.1%
East
10:1
93%
Gómez-Beneyto et al, 1994* Valencia Children and adolescents 8, 11 and 15 General population ( N = 1,127 ) CBCL, K-SADS-E, Raven's Colored Progressive Matrices, GAF scale Yes Parents and subjects DSM-III-R Yes 14.4%, 5.3%, 3.0%
East
1.2-1.7:1
94%
Andrés-Carrasco et al, 1995 and 1999* Valencia Children 10 General population ( N = 387 ) K-SADS-E, Raven's Colored Progressive Matrices, GAF scale Yes Parents and subjects DSM-III-R Yes 8.0%
East 2:1
98%
Eddy, 1997* Barcelona Children 7 and 8 School ( N= 263 ) Conner’s scales No Parents and teachers DSM-III-R No 5.7%-9.8%
Non explicit 2:1
Northeast
Ruiz et al, 1999 Barcelona Children 6-10 School ( N = 1,433 ) SNAP modified, VADTRS No Teachers DSM-IV Yes 14.0%
4:1
Northeast 98%
García-Jiménez et al, 2005* Navarre Children and adolescents 6-12 School ( N= 222 ) Conner’s scales, Conner’s modified, ADHD rating scale Yes Parents, teachers and subjects DSM-IV Yes 9.0%
Northeast 5.6:1
82%
Blázquez Almeria et al, 2005* Barcelona Children and adolescents 6-13 School ( N = 2,401 ) Conner’s modified, ADHD rating scale No Teachers None or non explicit No 12.2%
Northeast
Non explicit 4:1
Rodríguez Hernández, 2006 Canary Islands Children 7-10 School ( N= 595 ) SDQ No Parents and teachers None or non explicit No 3.9%
89% -
South
Rodríguez Molinero et al, 2009* Castile- Leon Children and adolescents 6-16 School ( N= 1,095 ) ADHD rating scale, Vanderbilt ADHD assessment scale, CSI Yes Parents and teachers DSM-IV Yes 6.7%
2.3:1
North
Non explicit
Cardo et al, 2007 and 2011* Majorca Children and adolescents 6-12 School ( N= 1,509 ) ADHD rating scale No Parents and teachers DSM-IV No 1.2%-4.6%
1:1.5
Non explicit
East

CAT: Children's Apperception Test; CBCL: Child Behavior Checklist; CSI: Child Symptom Inventory; GAF: Global Assessment of Functioning; K-SADS-E: Kiddy Schedule for affective diseases and Schizophrenia (epidemiological version); PACS: Parenteral account of children's symptoms; PFT: Rosenzweig Picture Frustration Test; SDQ: Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaires; SNAP-IV: Swanson, Nolan y Pelham, 4th Edition; VADTRS: Vanderbilt ADHD Teacher Rating Scale.; WISC: Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children.

*Published in a peer-reviewed journal.

Catalá-López et al.

Catalá-López et al. BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:168   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-12-168

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