Table 2

Relationships between demographic/clinical characteristics and lifetime suicide attempt: overall and by lifetime depression status
Demographic/clinical characteristic With depression Without depression Overall Overall
n cases/total (%) n cases/total (%) n cases/total (%) Unadjusted Adjusted
OR 95% CI AOR 95% CI
Demographic characteristics
Age Under 45 12/43 (28) 6/92 (6.5) 18/135 (13) 5.6** 1.9-17 4.7* 1.2-18
45-64 17/104 (16) 8/229 (3.5) 25/333 (7.5) 3.0* 1.0-8.7 2.3 0.64-7.8
65+ 2/27 (7.4) 2/123 (1.6) 4/150 (2.7)
Gender Male 10/54 (19) 7/190 (3.7) 17/244 (7.0) 0.86 0.46-1.6 0.94 0.43-2.0
Female 21/120 (18) 9/254 (3.5) 30/374 (8.0)
Marital status Married/de facto 11/94 (12) 8/338 (2.4) 19/432 (4.4) 0.26** 0.14-0.47 0.38** 0.18-0.79
Not married 20/78 (26) 8/105 (7.6) 28/183 (15)
Education High school or other 23/122 (19) 9/297 (3.0) 32/419 (7.6) 1.0 0.50-2.0 1.1 0.45-2.5
Didn’t finish school 7/38 (18) 5/120 (4.2) 12/158 (7.6)
Employment status Employed 17/102 (17) 6/255 (2.4) 23/357 (6.4) 0.67 0.37-1.2 0.32** 0.14-0.71
Not in workforce 14/69 (20) 10/188 (5.3) 24/257 (9.3)
Lifetime DSM-IV diagnoses
Depressive disorder Yes 31/174 (18) - 31/174 (18) 5.8** 3.1-11 2.2† 0.99-4.8
No - 16/444 (3.6) 16/444 (3.6)
Alcohol disorder Yes 15/52 (29) 5/82 (6.1) 20/134 (15) 3.0** 1.6-5.5 1.4 0.64-3.3
No 16/122 (39) 11/362 (3.0) 27/484 (5.6)
Drug use disorder Yes 10/21 (48) 2/15 (13) 12/36 (33) 7.8** 3.6-17 4.3** 1.4-12.5
No 21/153 (14) 14/429 (3.3) 35/582 (6.0)
Anxiety disorder Yes 26/120 (22) 13/121 (11) 39/241 (16) 8.9** 4.1-19 5.8** 2.2-15.6
No 5/54 (9.3) 3/323 (0.93) 8/377 (2.1)
PTSD Yes 20/59 (34) 2/41 (4.9) 22/100 (22) 5.6** 3.0-10 1.8 0.83-4.0#
No 11/115 (9.6) 14/403 (3.5) 25/518 (4.8)

Note: Overall Odds Ratios (OR) and Confidence Intervals (CI) from unadjusted and adjusted (multivariate).

logistic regressions: †p = .05, *p < .05, **p < .01.

# Significant interaction with depression status < .05.

Handley et al.

Handley et al. BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:105   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-12-105

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