Table 3

Sucking behaviors by phonological processes categorizations from the TEPROSIF examination for 128 Children ages 3 to 5 in Punta Arenas, 2006-2007

TEPROSIF CLASSIFICATION

Characteristic

Below normal

Normal

Above Normal

Total

(N)

61

42

25

128


N (%) or

Mean (SD)

N (%) or

Mean (SD)

N (%) or

Mean (SD)

N (%) or

Mean (SD)

p


Bottle fed

No

4 (6.6)

1 (2.4)

2 (8.0)

7 (5.5)

.54

Yes

57 (93.4)

41 (97.6)

23 (92.0)

121 (94.5)

Time bottle feeding

Less than 18 mths

9 (15.8)

7 (17.9)

2 (9.1)

18 (15.3)

.69

18 to 36 mths

19 (33.3)

17 (43.6)

9 (40.9)

45 (38.1)

More than 36 mths

29 (50.9)

15 (38.5)

11 (50.0)

55 (46.6)

Breastfed

No

3 (4.9)

2 (4.8)

0 (0.0)

5 (3.9)

.53

Yes

58 (95.1)

40 (95.2)

25 (100.0)

123 (96.1)

Time breastfeeding

Less than 6 mths

22 (36.1)

13 (31.0)

3 (12.0)

38 (29.7)

.17

6 to 12 mths

23 (37.7)

14 (33.3)

14 (56.0)

51 (39.8)

More than 12 mths

16 (26.2)

15 (35.7)

8 (32.0)

39 (30.5)

Use of pacifier

No

33 (54.1)

24 (57.1)

17 (68.0)

74 (57.8)

.49

Yes

28 (45.9)

18 (42.9)

8 (32.0)

54 (42.2)

Time with pacifier

2 to 12 mths

7 (25.9)

3 (17.6)

2 (25.0)

12 (23.1)

.23

12 to 24 mths

3 (11.1)

7 (41.2)

2 (25.0)

12 (23.1)

24 to 36 mths

4 (14.8)

4 (23.5)

2 (25.0)

10 (19.2)

Greater than 36 mths

13 (48.1)

3 (17.6)

2 (25.0)

18 (34.6)

Sucked fingers

No

45 (73.8)

35 (83.3)

24 (100.0)

104 (81.9)

.02

Yes

16 (26.6)

7 (16.7)

0 (0.00)

23 (18.1)

Time sucking finger

0 to 12 mths

3 (27.3)

4 (66.7)

0 (0.00)

7 (41.2)

.29

12 to 30 mths

4 (36.4)

1 (16.7)

0 (0.00)

5 (29.4)

> 30 mths

4 (36.4)

1 (16.7)

0 (0.00)

5 (29.4)


Barbosa et al. BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:66   doi:10.1186/1471-2431-9-66

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