Table 5

Adjusteda odds ratios of health care utilization of children in the chart review sample

Age 2 and under Group

Age 6 Group


Ever Refuse vs.

Never Refuse

Other significante variables

Ever Refuse vs.

Never Refuse

Other significante variables


Any prescription use of select medsb

0.82 (0.47, 1.43)

HMO A, Up-to-date, With ear disorders or respiratory diagnoses.

*

*

Any Inpatient Useb

0.73 (0.44, 1.20)

HMO A, With respiratory, skin disorder, or seizure diagnoses.

0.80 (0.40, 1.58)

HMO A, With ear disorder or seizure diagnoses.

Any ER Useb

0.81 (0.56, 1.15)

HMO A, Medicaid, With ear disorder, respiratory, skin disorder, or seizure diagnoses.

0.99 (0.59, 1.68)

HMO A, Males, With ear disorder or respiratory diagnoses.

Total # of prescription use of specified med per person per enrollment dayd

0.93 (0.80, 1.08)

Living in a white majority community, Up-to-date, With ear disorder, respiratory, skin disorder, or seizure diagnoses.

0.96 (0.67, 1.40)

With ear disorder or respiratory diagnoses.

Total # of ER use per person per enrollment dayd

0.80 (0.64, 0.997)#

HMO B, Males, Living in a non-white majority community, With ear disorder, respiratory, skin disorder, or seizure diagnoses.

1.13 (0.77, 1.66)

HMO B, Not up-to-date, With ear disorder diagnoses.

Total # of inpatient days per personc

0.22 (0.09, 0.53)#

HMO B, Not up-to-date, Without ear disorder diagnosis, With respiratory, skin disorder, and seizure diagnoses.

0.9670 (0.26, 3.54)

With respiratory or seizure diagnoses.

Total # of outpatient visits per person per enrollment dayd

0.88 (0.79, 0.98)#

Living in a white majority community, With ear disorder, respiratory, skin disorder, or seizure diagnoses.

0.97 (0.66, 1.41)

With ear disorder or respiratory diagnoses.

Total # of well-child visits per person per enrollment dayd

1.05 (0.98, 1.12)

HMO A, Without ear disorder diagnoses.

0.97 (0.70, 1.35)

HMO A


aadjusted for HMO, up-to-date immunization status, gender, Medicaid status, and select high use medical conditions.

bLogistic regression model was used.

cPoisson regression models with log transformation was used.

d General linear model with log transformation was used.

e P-value < 0.05.

*Due to majority of age-6 group children took antibiotics, asthma, or seizure medications, no adjusted odds ratios were calculated. 86 (93.48%) of 92 ever-refusers in the age 6 group versus 282 (77.90%) of 362 never-refusers took antibiotics, asthma, or seizure medications.

# P-value < .05

Wei et al. BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:18   doi:10.1186/1471-2431-9-18

Open Data