Table 2

Comparing MA users to Low-Risk Youth

Risk Factor

Study

Statistical Measure

Point Estimate (95% CI)

Conclusion


Sexa

Oetting 2000

OR

0.72 (0.70, 0.75)

Odds of using MA were higher for males.

Sattah 2002

OR

0.34 (0.27, 0.43)

Years of education

Yen 2004

MD

2.70 (2.36, 3.04)

Odds of using MA were higher for those with less education.

Yen 2006

MD

2.60 (2.40, 2.80)

Pooledb

WMD

2.63 (2.45, 2.80)

Sattah 2002

OR

1.31 (1.06, 1.62)

Sexual behavior

Sattah 2002

OR

2.79 (2.25, 3.46)

Odds of using MA was higher for those who had previously engaged in sexual intercourse.

Yen 2004

OR

31.79 (15.56, 64.93)

Alcohol use

Sattah 2002

OR

8.02 (4.53, 14.18)

Odds of using MA was higher for those who drink alcohol.

Yen 2006

OR

51.31 (12.27, 214.68)

Heroin/opiate use

Sattah 2002

OR

30.66 (9.38, 100.17)

Odds of using MA was higher for those who had a history of heroin/opiate use.

Yen 2006

OR

22.53 (1.24, 409.59)

Smoking

Sattah 2002

OR

13.72 (10.69, 17.60)

Odds of using MA were higher for those who smoke.

Yen 2006

OR

154.85 (81.95, 292.60)

Family history of drug use

Yen 2006

OR

8.65 (3.88, 19.25)

Odds of using MA were higher for youth with family history of drug use.

Homosexual or bisexual

Lampinen 2006

OR

17.02 (4.83, 60.01)

Odds of using MA were higher for youth who were homosexual or bisexual.

Experiencing disruptive parenting

Yen 2006

OR

7.84 (5.25, 11.71)

Odds of using MA were higher for youth who experienced disruptive parenting.

Peers using or providing MA

Yen 2006

OR

40.94 (24.64, 68.03)

Odds of using MA were higher for youth with peers using or providing MA.

Engaging in unprotected sex

Yen 2004

OR

15.68 (8.04, 30.58)

Odds of using MA were higher for youth who engaged in unprotected sex.

Engaging in unplanned sex under the influence of alcohol

Yen 2004

OR

70.42 (9.34, 531.06)

Odds of using MA were higher for youth who engaged in unplanned sex under the influence of alcohol.

Engaging in sex with an alcohol-intoxicated partner

Yen 2004

OR

29.33 (6.70, 128.36)

Odds of using MA were higher for youth who engaged in sexual intercourse with an alcohol-intoxicated partner.

Any psychiatric disorder

Yen 2006

OR

3.05 (2.12, 4.39)

Odds of using MA were higher for youth who had any psychiatric disorder.

Adjustment disorder

Yen 2006

OR

2.89 (1.53, 5.47)

Odds of using MA were higher for youth who had adjustment disorder.

Conduct disorder

Yen 2006

OR

31.91 (16.06, 63.41)

Odds of using MA were higher for youth who had conduct disorder.

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

Yen 2006

OR

2.84 (1.81, 4.47)

Odds of using MA were higher for youth who had ADHD.


a Female = 1, Male = 0

b Combine Yen 2004 and Yen 2006, I2 = 0%

Russell et al. BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:48   doi:10.1186/1471-2431-8-48

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