Primary outcome: death or neurodevelopmental disability at 18 to 22 months. Forest plot displays relative risk of death or neurodevelopmental disability at 18 to 22 months for all included studies and separately for selective head cooling and whole body cooling studies. There is a significant benefit of therapeutic hypothermia on the composite outcome of death or disability (RR: 0.78, 95% CI: 0.66, 0.92, NNT: 8, 95% CI: 5, 20). The squares represent the point estimate of treatment effect of each study with a horizontal line extending on either side of the square representing the 95% confidence interval. The diamonds represent the overall and subgroup relative risk estimate of the studies presented in the meta-analysis. The widths of the diamonds represent the 95% confidence interval of the relative risk. The vertical midline of the forest plot corresponding to a relative risk of 1 represents a "no effect" line. Gunn et al 1998 and Gluckman et al 2005 assessed death or severe disability, Shankaran et al 2005 reported on death or moderate or severe disability as described in the results.
Schulzke et al. BMC Pediatrics 2007 7:30 doi:10.1186/1471-2431-7-30