Table 1

Case Definition.

Definite Case

A. High titres of serum antibodies against measles virus and the presence of oligoclonal measles virus antibodies in CSF (Serum: CSF measles antibody ratio indicative of intrathecal antibody production).


B. Measles virus antigen detected in brain tissue by biopsy or at autopsy

Suspect Case

A. Typical clinical history: usually insidious onset of mental deterioration, followed (usually within a few months) by motor dysfunction, final progressive decerebration and untimely death


B. Typical EEG changes

Campbell et al. BMC Pediatrics 2005 5:47   doi:10.1186/1471-2431-5-47

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