Table 2

Summary of results for studies of dipstick tests

Dipstick positive for:

Number of studies

Range in LR+

Pooled LR+ (95 % CI)*

Range in LR-

Pooled LR- (95 % CI)*


Nitrite

23

2.5 – 439.6

15.9 (10.7, 23.7)

0.12 – 0.86

0.51 (0.43, 0.60)

LE

14

2.6 – 32.2

5.5 (4.1, 7.3)

0.02 – 0.66

0.26 (0.18, 0.36)

Nitrite or LE

15

3.0 – 32.2

6.1 (4.3, 8.6)

0.03 – 0.39

0.20 (0.16, 0.26)

Nitrite and LE

9

6.3 – 197.1

28.2 (17.3–46.0)

0.07 – 0.86

0.37 (0.26, 0.52)

Glucose

4

25.2 – 156.1

66.3 (20.0, 219.6)

0.02 – 0.38

0.07 (0.01, 0.83)

Protein

2

1.7 & 1.8

na

0.78 & 0.96

na

Blood

1

2.3

na

0.84

na

LE and protein

1

17.4

na

0.12

na

Nitrite, blood, or protein

1

2.7

na

0.28

na

Nitrite, blood, or LE

1

1.3

na

0.50

na

Nitite, blood and LE

1

3.5

na

0.19

na

Nitrite, LE and protein

2

3.1 & 69.2

na

0.05 & 0.17

na

Nitrite, LE, or protein

1

1.9

na

0.05

na


Nitrite, LE, protein, or blood

1

8.0

na

0.19

na


* There was significant heterogeneity in all pooled estimates therefore these should be interpreted with caution

Whiting et al. BMC Pediatrics 2005 5:4   doi:10.1186/1471-2431-5-4

Open Data