|Demographic characteristics, quality of life and comorbidity of the children and adolescents participating in HELIOS, for all participants together and stratified according to age group|
|Total (n = 80)||Children (n = 16)||Adolescents (n = 64)|
|Age (y)||14.8 (2.3)||11.3 (1.2)*||15.7 (1.6)*|
|o Western (% of total)||5.0||0.0||6.3|
|o Non-Western (% of total)|
|▪ Dutch Antilles/Aruba||5.0||0.0||6.3|
|▪ Other Non-Western||6.3||6.3||6.3|
|Level of education of the parents (%)|
|Household situation (%)|
|One parent family(mother)||7.5||0.0||9.4|
|Quality of life|
|EQ-5D utility score||0.79 (0.22)||0.72 (0.27)||0.80 (0.20)|
|EQ VAS||69.1 (21.2)||76.1 (21.3)||67.4 (21.0)|
|Hirsutism (only girls)||9.4||12.5||9.1|
|Pseudogynecomastia (only boys)||92.6||100.0||89.5|
Data are mean (SD).
Percentages are actual percentages, not valid percentages.
SD – standard deviation; SES – Socio-economic status.
A participant falls in the “Children” group if aged 8 to 13 years and falls in the “Adolescents” group if aged 13 to 19 years.
If both parents were born in the Netherlands, a participant was categorized as Native Dutch; if one of the parents was born abroad, a participant was categorized as Immigrant. Immigrant is further divided into Western of Non-Western, of which Non-Western if further subdivided into Morocco, former Dutch Antilles and Aruba, Surinam, Turkey and Other Non-Western.
SES below average corresponds to a status score of 0 or higher, SES above average corresponds to a status score below 0.
* P value <0.05.
† P value <0.10.
Makkes et al.
Makkes et al. BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:62 doi:10.1186/1471-2431-13-62