Table 1

Summary of main survey findings
Recognition & prevention of EI:
Units with written policy/standard practice 24/26 (92%)
Of these, policy includes:
Regular nursing observations: 21/24 (88%)
Keeping skin over tip of line visible 18/24 (75%)
Line flush before drug administration 14/24 (58%)
Treatment of EI:
Units with written policy/standard practice 24/26 (92%)
Of these, treatment policy includes:
Immediate line removal 21/24 (88%)
Limb elevation 15/24 (63%)
Saline washout via small incisions 16/24 (67%)
Hyaluronidase 9/24 (38%)
Warm or cold compress 1/24 (4%)
Complications of EI:
Number of units reporting significant extravasation complication 24/26 (92%)
Central injuries reported:
Cardiac Tamponade (with associated deaths in 2 units) 13/26 (50%)
Hepatic injury 10/26 (38%)
Peritoneal 8/26 (31%)
Retroperitoneal 3/26 (12%)
Pleural 7/26 (27%)
Peripheral injuries reported:
Limb endangering 6/26 (23%)

Restieaux et al.

Restieaux et al. BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:34   doi:10.1186/1471-2431-13-34

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