Table 1 |
|||
Patient characteristics and outcome variables in relation to cumulative human milk intake until d 28 | |||
> 75% human milk | < 25% human milk | p-value by Wilcoxon test | |
Number of infants [n/N] (m/f) [n/n] | 122/206 (48/74) | 37/206 (21/16) | |
Gestational age at birth [weeks] median (IQR) (range) | 27.6 (25.5-29.7) (23.0-31.7) | 28.6 (25.6-30.5) (23.7-31.9) | p = 0.3 |
Birth weight [g] median (IQR) (range) | 925 (665-1175) (290-1490) | 846 (705-1160) (340-1490) | p = 0.9 |
CRIB-score median (IQR) | 4 (1-7) | 4 (1-6) | p = 0.42 |
Incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis [n/N] | 3/122 | 2/37 | p = 0.33 (Fisher’s exact) |
Day of life when full enteral feeds were attained median (IQR) | 8 (6-10) | 8 (6-10) | p = 0.68 |
Cumulative energy intake (*) [kcal/kg] first four weeks of life median (IQR) | 3431 (3219-3601) | 3438 (3356-3562) | p = 0.58 |
Cumulative protein intake (**) [g/kg] first four weeks of life median (IQR) | 105 (101-110) | 109 (105-116) | p = 0.002 |
SDS-difference for weight (SDSd28 – SDSbirth) median (IQR) | -0.64 (-1.08-0.34) | -0.41 (-0.7-0.17) | p = 0.017 |
Postmenstrual age at discharge [weeks] median (IQR) | 38.1 (36.5-40) | 38.3 (36-40.3) | p = 0.48 |
Age at discharge [days] median (IQR) | 72 (48-98) | 69 (44-93) | p = 0.41 |
IQR = interquartile range.
(*) = assuming human milk energy content of 67 kcal/100 ml.
(**) = assuming human milk protein content of 1.4 g/100 ml.
Maas et al.
Maas et al. BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:178 doi:10.1186/1471-2431-13-178