Table 2

Odds ratios showing the association between mothers’ education and child stunting based on univariable analysis
Factor Category Odds ratio 95 % Conf. Interval p-values
Child’s Sex Female (ref.) -
Male 1.520 (1.353 1.710) 0.000
Slum Viwandani (ref.)
Korogocho 1.157 (1.029 1.299) 0.014
Mother’s Education Secondary + (ref.) -
Primary and below 1.281 (1.096 1.498) 0.002
Mother's age 15-19 (ref.) -
20-24 1.010 (0.806 1.265) 0.931
25-29 1.099 (0.874 1.383) 0.419
30-34 1.132 (0.873 1.467) 0.349
35 > 1.261 (0.949 1.677) 0.11
Mother’s Marital status Currently in union (ref.) -
Ever in union 1.536 (1.242 1.988) 0.000
Never married 1.335 (1.094 1.628) 0.004
Pregnancy Intentions Wanted now (ref.) -
Wanted later 1.420 (1.252 1.611) 0.000
Not at all 1.348 (1.124 1.616) 0.001
Ante natal Visits Above 4 (ref.) -
Less than 4 1.008 (0.893 1.138) 0.894
Place of delivery Health Facility (ref.) -
TBA & Home 1.343 (1.177 1.532) 0.000
Others 0.894 (0.621 1.287) 0.547
Mother’s Parity One birth (ref.) -
2 births 1.299 (1.118 1.509) 0.001
3 and above 1.406 (1.225 1.615) 0.000
Child’s birth weight Above 2500 (ref.) -
Less than 2500 2.848 (2.148 3.777) 0.000
Knowledge when to introduce other foods Yes (ref.) -
No 1.131 (0.999 1.281) 0.054
Social Economic Status Lowest (ref.) -
Middle 1.022 (0.924 1.131) 0.674
Highest 0.843 (0.765 0.928) 0.000
Mother’s Ethnicity Kikuyu (ref.) -
Luhya 0.938 (0.845 1.041) 0.229
Luo 0.927 (0.837 1.026) 0.144
Kamba 0.996 (0.901 1.100) 0.934
Others 0.818 (0.735 0.910) 0.000

Abuya et al.

Abuya et al. BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:80   doi:10.1186/1471-2431-12-80

Open Data