Table 3

Nutrition awareness and label reading behaviors in adolescents by race and ethnicity

Mexican-American

% (CI)

Other Hispanic

% (CI)

African-American % (CI) White % (CI)
Variable
Nutrition Awareness* (n=1160)
Heard of Dietary Guidelines^ 11.9 (9.9-14.3) 41.1 (19.3-67.0) 29.1 (19.9-40.3) 31.0 (20.4-44.0)
Heard of Food Pyramid^ 75.6 (68.6-81.5) 89.7 (63.6-97.7) 89.7 (83.5-93.7) 96.5 (92.2-98.8)
Heard of 5-a-day Health 30.2 (23.3-38.2) 41.3 (19.1-67.7) 44.5 (37.6-51.6) 45.2 (36.5-54.2)
Label Reading Behaviors1(n=1160)
Use Nutrition Facts 14.2 (9.6-20.7) 13.0 (4.4-32.7) 12.0 (8.3-16.9) 18.3 (13.5-24.3)
Use Ingredient List 7.1 (4.3-11.5) 13.0 (3.2-40.6) 8.3 (5.7-11.8) 9.2 (5.8-14.3)
Use Serving Size 9.7 (6.4-14.3) 6.4 (0.7-38.5) 8.0 (6.0-10.5) 12.3 (8.8-16.9)
Use Health Claims^ 7.9 (4.5-13.5) 6.0 (1.1-27.0) 5.2 (3.5-7.7) 9.6 (5.3-16.7)
Specific Nutrition Facts Behaviors (n=742)
Check Calories 14.9 (10.1-21.4) 14.5 (4.0-40.7) 19.8 (10.9-33.2) 17.8 (14.3-21.8)
Check Calories from Fat 21.8 (16.3-28.4) 17.6 (7.7-35.1) 16.1 (13.0-19.8) 25.2 (18.3-33.7)
Check Total Fat 23.6 (17.8-30.5) 36.2 (18.3-59.1) 16.9 (14.3-19.8) 27.9 (21.4-35.5)
Check Trans Fat^ 14.7 (11.4-18.7) 2.4 (1.3-4.1) 10.0 (6.7-14.6) 18.7 (12.1-27.6)
Check Saturated Fat 13.7 (9.6-19.1) 16.9 (4.5-4.7) 11.4 (8.7-14.8) 20.1 (14.3-27.5)
Check Cholesterol 17.4 (14.2-21.1) 8.7 (1.1-46.1) 15.5 (12.8-18.5) 12.7 (7.3-20.9)
Check Sodium 10.5 (7.6-14.3) 15.8 (3.9-46.7) 14.7 (10.8-19.8) 13.5 (10.0-17.9)
Check Carbohydrates 19.8 (15.1-25.5) 29.1 (11.9-55.6) 12.2 (9.2-16.0) 24.6 (20.1-29.6)
Check Fiber 10.0 (6.8-14.4) 14.5 (3.4-44.) 8.7 (6.4-11.7) 10.9 (8.0-14.6)
Check Sugars 21.4 (16.5-27.3) 23.2 (7.8-51.9) 19.1 (14.7-24.4) 22.3 (15.1-31.5)

*Participant answered yes.

^Significant at p<0.05.

1Participant answered always or most of the time.

Wojcicki and Heyman

Wojcicki and Heyman BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:55   doi:10.1186/1471-2431-12-55

Open Data