Table 5

Adjusted odds ratios for factors associated with ADHD and Medication use classification, NSCH 2007
Variable ADHD Not taking Medication ADHD taking Medication
OR LCL UCL OR LCL UCL
BMI
 Underweight 0.41* 0.23 0.75 0.82 0.49 1.40
 Normal Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Overweight 0.84 0.56 1.25 1.00 0.69 1.44
 Obese 1.43 0.83 2.47 0.80 0.60 1.06
Sex
 Male 2.52* 1.54 4.14 3.53* 2.79 4.46
 Female Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
Age 1.05 0.96 1.15 0.92* 0.86 0.97
Depression
 Yes 4.66* 2.57 8.43 6.97* 4.66 10.44
 No Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
Anxiety
 Yes 2.77* 1.63 4.69 3.38* 2.36 4.85
 No Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
Race/Ethnicity
 Non- Hispanic White Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Non-Hispanic Black 0.78 0.42 1.44 0.74 0.48 1.15
 Hispanic 0.90 0.41 1.98 0.61 0.35 1.08
 Other 1.00 0.57 1.74 0.70 0.40 1.23
Poverty
 ≤200% 1.01 0.66 1.54 1.26 0.91 1.75
 >200% Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
Family Member’s smoking status
 At least one member smokes 1.38 0.99 1.93 1.32 0.98 1.79
 No one smokes Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
Highest level of Education in the household
 Less than/High School Education Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 More than High School Education 1.03 0.69 1.54 1.13 0.87 1.47
Family structure
 Two parent -biological/step/adopted 0.56* 0.37 0.85 0.89 0.67 1.17
 Other - single mother/father/other Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
Healthcare coverage
 Yes 1.34 0.73 2.44 2.24* 1.24 4.07
 No Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
Participation in Sports
 Yes 0.69 0.47 1.01 0.84 0.65 1.08
 No Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
Participation in Clubs
 Yes 0.83 0.57 1.19 0.93 0.73 1.19
 No Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
Average Computer usage during weekday
 ≥1 hour 1.25 0.83 1.87 0.89 0.65 1.22
 <1 hour Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
Average TV usage during weekday
 ≥1 hour 1.25 0.76 2.06 1.56* 1.17 2.09
 <1 hour Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref

* Significant association at 0.05 level.

OR: Odds Ratio; LCL: 95% Lower Confidence Limit; UCL: 95% Upper Confidence Limit; Ref: Reference Category.

Lingineni et al.

Lingineni et al. BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:50   doi:10.1186/1471-2431-12-50

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