Table 3

Prediction of child-reported violence against people and at least two antisocial activities from data obtained during well-child visits: odds ratios (95% confidence intervals)

Any severe violence against people

At least 2 cases of any antisocial activity

Unadjusted model

Reduced model

Unadjusted model

Reduced model


Commonly available

Male vs. female gender

2.14 (1.62; 2.82)

2.09 (1.56; 2.79)

2.46 (1.78; 3.41)

2.27 (1.62; 3.18)

Age 10-11 vs. 8-10

0.99(0.75; 1.32)

1.25 (0.90; 1.75)

Ethnic background

Dutch

1.00 (reference)

1.00 (reference)

Surinamese/Antillean ('former colony')

1.17 (0.64; 2.15)

0.76 (0.35; 1.66)

Moroccan/Turkish ('labour immigrants')

2.14 (1.47; 3.12)

2.00 (1.33; 3.01)

Other non-industrialized

1.25 (0.68; 2.30)

1.19 (0.59; 2.40)

Two siblings or more, N = 982

1.02 (0.78; 1.35)

1.26 (0.92; 1.72)

Mother's age at childbirth < 27 years vs. 27+

1.66 (1.22; 2.26)

1.65 (1.19; 2.27)

1.62 (1.15; 2.28)

1.47 (1.02; 2.12)

Father's age at childbirth < 27 years vs. 27+,

1.55 (1.01; 2.38)

1.15 (0.70; 1.88)

Mother's education, low vs. high/intermediate

1.21 (0.92; 1.59)

1.42 (1.04; 1.94)

Father's education, low vs. high/intermediate

1.58 (1.20; 2.07)

1.61 (1.17; 2.20)

1.49 (1.07; 2.08)

Region urban vs. non-urban

1.17 (0.87; 1.57)

1.35 (0.97; 1.88)

No parent employed vs. at least one

2.61 (1.49; 4.57)

2.62 (1.47; 4.66)

2.33 (1.30; 4.18)

One-parent family vs. other

1.16 (0.74; 1.82)

1.38 (0.84; 2.24)

Chronic disease of the child, yes vs. no

1.39 (0.94; 2.06)

1.72 (1.14; 2.61)

Parental concerns about the child

1.86 (1.41; 2.45)

1.59 (1.19; 2.12)

2.29 (1.69; 3.14)

1.91 (1.37; 2.67)

Life events in the past 12 months

0.99 (0.75; 1.30)

1.12 (0.82; 1.54)

Under psychosocial treatment

1.92 (1.12; 3.31)

2.92 (1.68; 5.08)

1.93 (1.06; 3.48)

1+ Injuries during past 12 months vs. none

2.46 (1.37; 4.42)

2.31 (1.24; 4.29)

2.26 (1.23; 4.15)

1.97 (1.04; 3.75)

Likely available

School performance, mean/lower vs. good

1.76 (1.29; 2.42)

1.53 (1.09; 2.15)

1.71 (1.21; 2.43)

Bored at school, yes vs. no

1.90 (1.07; 3.36)

1.69 (1.12; 2.55)

2.32 (1.28; 4.20)

Well-being, 6 or less vs. 7+

1.76 (1.11; 2.78)

2.30 (1.42; 3.72)

1.83 (1.10; 3.03)

Sufficient friends, no vs. yes

1.93 (1.19; 3.12)

1.50 (0.88; 2.55)

Likes school, no vs. yes

2.01 (1.36; 2.96)

2.11 (1.39; 3.20)

1.64 (1.05; 2.56)

Possibly available

Whether substances were ever used

1.97 (1.32; 2.95)

2.44 (1.60; 3.73)

2.08 (1.33; 3.26)


Reijneveld et al. BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:24   doi:10.1186/1471-2431-12-24

Open Data