Table 2

Anaemia and clinical/immunological stage
Disease stage at baseline Anaemia No anaemia P value
n = 148 (%) n = 109 (%)
Clinical disease stage
 Early (Stage I &II) 31 (20.9) 58 (53.2%) <0.0001
 Late (Stage III &IV) 117 (79.1) 51 (46.8%)
Immunological disease stage
 No or mild ISS§ 65 (43.9) 70 (64.2%) 0.001*
 Advanced or Severe ISS§ 83 (56.1) 39 (35.8%)
Mean CD4 percentage
Age under 5 years 24.74 (n=111) 32.32 (n=34) 0.011*
 Age over 5 years 18.11 (n=37) 27.48 (n=75) 0.002*
 Combined mean CD4+ % 23.27 28.71 0.004*
Mean CD4 absolute count
 Over 5 years 257.32 489.01 <0.0001*

* indicates a significant p value.

§ ISS=Immune Suppression Syndrome.

Nyesigire Ruhinda et al.

Nyesigire Ruhinda et al. BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:170   doi:10.1186/1471-2431-12-170

Open Data