Table 3

Overall patient characteristics and their association with outcomes, based on abnormality cut-off (score ≤ 85) and on each Bayley Scale using latest observation of patients

Frequency of abnormality on

Overall

Cognitive scale

Motor scale

Language scale

Variable

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%


Gender

Male

45

42.5

16

35.6

14

31.1

18

40.0

Female

61

57.5

30

49.2

26

42.6

27

44.3

Place of birth

Born before arrival

4

3.8

2

50

1

25.0

1

25.0

Inborn

98

93.3

44

44.9

38

38.8

43

43.9

Outborn at another clinic or hospital

2

2.9

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

Mode of delivery

Normal delivery

34

32.1

16

47.1

12

35.3

14

41.2

Vaginal breech

2

1.9

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

Caesarean

68

64.8

28

41.2

26

38.2

30

44.1

Presentation

Breech

11

10.5

4

36.4

1

9.1

3

27.3

Transverse

1

0.9

0

0

0

0.0

0

0.0

Vertex

93

88.6

41

44.1

7

7.5

41

44.1

Hypothermia at birth

No

102

96.2

46

45.1

39

38.2

45

44.1

Yes

4

3.8

0

0.0

1

25.0

0

0.0

Resuscitation at birth

No

70

66.0

30

42.9

21

30.0

25

35.7

Yes

36

34.0

16

44.4

19

52.8

20

55.6

Sepsis (Early/late onset)

No

91

86.7

42

46.2

33

36.3

38

41.8

Yes

14

13.3

4

28.6

7

50.0

7

50.0

Blood transfusion given

No

74

69.8

36

48.7

30

40.5

32

43.2

Yes

32

30.2

10

31.3

10

31.3

13

40.6

KMC care done

No

10

9.4

4

40.0

4

40.0

6

60.0

Yes

95

89.6

41

43.2

35

36.8

38

40.0

Ventilatory support given (IPPV/NCPAP)

No

82

77.4

35

42.7

29

35.4

32

39.0

Yes

24

22.6

11

45.8

11

45.8

13

54.2

Surfactant given

No

91

85.8

39

42.9

33

36.3

36

39.6

Yes

15

14.2

7

46.7

7

46.7

9

60.0

HIV exposed

No

48

67.6

23

47.9

21

43.8

20

41.7

Yes

23

32.4

10

43.5

8

34.8

10

43.4

Antenatal steroids given

No

61

57.6

29

47.5

21

34.4

25

41.0

Yes

45

42.5

17

37.8

19

42.2

20

44.4

Syphilis exposed

No

105

99.1

46

43.8

39

37.1

44

41.9

Yes

1

0.9

0

0.0

1

100.0

1

100.0

PDA

No

101

95.3

45

44.6

38

37.6

42

41.6

Yes

5

4.7

1

20.0

2

40.0

3

60.0

Hypotension

No

105

99.1

46

43.8

40

38.1

45

42.9

Yes

1

0.9

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

NEC

No

104

98.1

45

43.3

39

37.5

45

43.3

Yes

2

1.9

1

50.0

1

50.0

0

0.0

PVL

No

104

98.1

45

43.3

39

37.5

44

42.3

Yes

2

1.9

1

50.0

1

50.0

1

50.0

Dilated ventricles

No

100

95.2

43

43.0

38

38.0

42

42.0

Yes

5

4.8

3

60.0

2

40.0

3

60.0

IVH Grade

0

91

85.9

41

45.1

35

38.5

40

44.0

1

1

0.9

0

0.0

1

100.0

0

0.0

2

12

11.3

5

41.7

3

25.0

4

33.3

3

2

1.9

0

0.0

1

50.0

1

50.0

Birth Weight

< 750 g

3

2.8

1

33.3

1

33.3

2

66.7

750-900 g

5

4.7

0

0.0

1

20.0

0

0.0

900-1000 g

8

7.6

4

50.0

5

62.5

4

50.0

1000-1250 g

53

50.0

24

45.3

23

43.4

25

47.2

≥ 1250 g

37

34.9

17

46.0

10

27.0

14

37.8

Gestational Age

≤ 28

26

24.5

11

42.3

9

34.6

11

42.3

28-30

26

24.5

10

38.5

10

38.5

10

38.5

30-32

27

25.5

11

40.7

11

40.7

14

51.9

32-34

19

17.9

11

57.9

8

42.1

7

36.8

> 34

8

7.6

3

37.5

2

25.0

3

37.5

Duration of Hospital stay (days)

< 30

27

25.5

12

44.4

6

22.2

7

25.9

30-40

30

28.3

14

46.7

12

40.0

19

63.3

40-50

21

19.8

8

38.1

10

47.6

6

28.6

≥ 50

28

26.4

12

42.9

12

42.9

13

46.4

Duration of Intensive Care (days)

< 6

9

60.0

4

44.4

4

44.4

6

66.7

≥ 6

6

40.0

2

33.3

2

33.3

3

50.0

Duration of supplemental oxygen (days)

< 10

70

73.7

31

44.3

24

34.3

26

37.1

10-30

11

11.6

3

27.3

4

36.4

5

45.5

≥ 30

14

14.7

6

42.9

7

50.0

9

64.3

5 minute Apgar

< 6

18

18.0

7

38.9

10

55.6

7

38.9

≥ 6

82

82.0

37

45.1

29

35.4

37

45.1


Ballot et al. BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:11   doi:10.1186/1471-2431-12-11

Open Data