Table 1

Prevalence of myopia in Australia school children.

Authors

Year

N

Place

Ages

Method

Criterion

Prevalence %


Robbins & Bailey [25]

1975

1,243

Private schools

4, 8, 12

Non-cycloplegic retinoscopy

Myopia≥-0.50D

"suspected of having myopia"

5.6% 4 yrs

6.4% 12 yrs

Amigo, McCarthy & Pye [26]

1976

1,166

Rural underprivileged

7 to 12

Non-cycloplegic retinoscopy

"any tendency for myopia"

3.4%

Walters [27]

1981

1982

1983

2,055

1,187

1,722

Rural underprivileged

4 to 14

Non-cycloplegic retinoscopy

Myopia≥-0.50D

4.40%

3.03%

2.67%

Macfarlane [29]

1987

877

Representative government schools

6 to 11

Cycloplegic retinoscopy

Not stated

13%

Junghans et al [30]

Early 1990s

2,535

14 government & church schools

4 to 12

Non-cycloplegic retinoscopy

Myopia≥-0.50D

2.0% 4 yrs

10.9% 12 yrs

Mean 6.5%


Junghans and Crewther BMC Ophthalmology 2005 5:1   doi:10.1186/1471-2415-5-1

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