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Open Access Case report

Atypical features of nanophthalmic macula- a spectral domain OCT study

Aparna Rao1*, Tapas Ranjan Padhi2, Sananu Jena1, Souvik Mandal1 and Taraprasad Das2

Author Affiliations

1 Head Glaucoma Services, LV Prasad Eye institute, Patia, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India

2 Retina services, LV Prasad Eye institute, Patia, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India

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BMC Ophthalmology 2012, 12:12  doi:10.1186/1471-2415-12-12

Published: 6 June 2012

Abstract

Background

To report atypical features on Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in a case of non-familial pure adult nanophthalmos.

Case presentation

A 39 year old male hyperope was found to have biometric and fundus findings typical of nanophthalmos. The additional atypical features included serous pigment epithelial detachment (PED) in right eye and a cuff of subretinal fluid with underlying yellow deposits along superotemporal arcade in the left eye. Fundus flourescein angiogram showed hyperfluorescence due to window defect, dye pooling due to serous PED in right eye and leak superior to disc in right eye and superotemporally in left eye. Cirrus-SD OCT horizontal line scan passing through the fovea showed extensive inner limiting membrane corrugations causing distorted foveal contour in both eyes. A large juxtafoveal serous PED and a small extrafoval PED were seen with folds in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)-choriocapillary layer in the right eye.

Conclusion

Structural disruptions in the RPE-choriocapillary complex in the form of folds or juxtafoveal serous PED and RPE folds can be atypical features of nanophthalmic macula better discerned on high resolution OCT.

Keywords:
Nanophthalmos