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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Overexpression of UbcH10 alternates the cell cycle profile and accelerate the tumor proliferation in colon cancer

Takeo Fujita1*, Hirokuni Ikeda1, Naruto Taira12, Shinji Hatoh13, Minoru Naito13 and Hiroyoshi Doihara12

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Cancer and Thoracic Surgery, Okayama University School of Medicine, Okayama, Japan

2 Division of Breast and Endocrine Surgery, Okayama University Hospital, Okayama, Japan

3 Division of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Okayama University Hospital, Okayama, Japan

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BMC Cancer 2009, 9:87  doi:10.1186/1471-2407-9-87

Published: 21 March 2009

Abstract

Background

UbcH10 participates in proper metaphase to anaphase transition, and abrogation of UbcH10 results in the premature separation of sister chromatids. To assess the potential role of UbcH10 in colon cancer progression, we analyzed the clinicopathological relevance of UbcH10 in colon cancer.

Methods

We firstly screened the expression profile of UbcH10 in various types of cancer tissues as well as cell lines. Thereafter, using the colon cancer cells line, we manipulated the expression of UbcH10 and evaluated the cell cycle profile and cellular proliferations. Furthermore, the clinicopathological significance of UbcH10 was immunohistologically evaluated in patients with colon cancer. Statistical analysis was performed using the student's t-test and Chi-square test.

Results

Using the colon cancer cells, depletion of UbcH10 resulted in suppression of cellular growth whereas overexpression of UbcH10 promoted the cellular growth and oncogenic cellular growth. Mitotic population was markedly alternated by the manipulation of UbcH10 expression. Immunohistochemical analysis indicated that UbcH10 was significantly higher in colon cancer tissue compared with normal colon epithelia. Furthermore, the clinicopathological evaluation revealed that UbcH10 was associated with high-grade histological tumors.

Conclusion

The results show the clinicopathological significance of UbcH10 in the progression of colon cancer. Thus UbcH10 may act as a novel biomarker in patients with colon cancer.