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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Mutation analysis of the AATF gene in breast cancer families

Maria Haanpää12, Mervi Reiman12, Jenni Nikkilä12, Hannele Erkko12, Katri Pylkäs12 and Robert Winqvist12*

Author Affiliations

1 Laboratory of Cancer Genetics, Oulu University Hospital, P.O. Box 22, FIN-90221 Oulu, Finland

2 Department of Clinical Genetics and Biocenter, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 5000, FIN-90014 University of Oulu

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BMC Cancer 2009, 9:457  doi:10.1186/1471-2407-9-457

Published: 21 December 2009

Abstract

Background

About 5-10% of breast cancer is due to inherited disease predisposition. Many previously identified susceptibility factors are involved in the maintenance of genomic integrity. AATF plays an important role in the regulation of gene transcription and cell proliferation. It induces apoptosis by associating with p53. The checkpoint kinases ATM/ATR and CHEK2 interact with and phosphorylate AATF, enhancing its accumulation and stability. Based on its biological function, and direct interaction with several known breast cancer risk factors, AATF is a good candidate gene for being involved in heritable cancer susceptibility.

Methods

Here we have screened the entire coding region of AATF in affected index cases from 121 Finnish cancer families for germline defects, using conformation sensitive gel electrophoresis and direct sequencing.

Results

Altogether seven different sequence changes were observed, one missense variant and six intronic ones. Based on the in silico analyses of these sequence alterations, as well as their occurrence in cases and controls, none of them, however, were predicted to be pathogenic.

Conclusions

To our knowledge, this is the first study reporting the mutation screening of the AATF gene in familial breast cancer cases. No evidence for the association with breast cancer was observed.