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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Specific gene expression profiles and chromosomal abnormalities are associated with infant disseminated neuroblastoma

Cinzia Lavarino1, Nai-Kong V Cheung2, Idoia Garcia1, Gema Domenech5, Carmen de Torres1, Miguel Alaminos6, Jose Rios5, William L Gerald3, Brian Kushner2, Mike LaQuaglia4 and Jaume Mora1*

Author Affiliations

1 Developmental tumour biology laboratory, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Fundació Sant Joan de Deu, Barcelona, Spain

2 Department of Pediatrics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA

3 Department of Pathology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA

4 Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA

5 Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Universitat Autònoma, Barcelona, Spain

6 Department of Histology, University of Granada, Granada, Spain

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BMC Cancer 2009, 9:44  doi:10.1186/1471-2407-9-44

Published: 3 February 2009

Abstract

Background

Neuroblastoma (NB) tumours have the highest incidence of spontaneous remission, especially among the stage 4s NB subgroup affecting infants. Clinical distinction of stage 4s from lethal stage 4 can be difficult, but critical for therapeutic decisions. The aim of this study was to investigate chromosomal alterations and differential gene expression amongst infant disseminated NB subgroups.

Methods

Thirty-five NB tumours from patients diagnosed at < 18 months (25 stage 4 and 10 stage 4s), were evaluated by allelic and gene expression analyses.

Results

All stage 4s patients underwent spontaneous remission, only 48% stage 4 patients survived despite combined modality therapy. Stage 4 tumours were 90% near-diploid/tetraploid, 44% MYCN amplified, 77% had 1p LOH (50% 1p36), 23% 11q and/or 14q LOH (27%) and 47% had 17q gain. Stage 4s were 90% near-triploid, none MYCN amplified and LOH was restricted to 11q. Initial comparison analyses between stage 4s and 4 < 12 months tumours revealed distinct gene expression profiles. A significant portion of genes mapped to chromosome 1 (P < 0.0001), 90% with higher expression in stage 4s, and chromosome 11 (P = 0.0054), 91% with higher expression in stage 4. Less definite expression profiles were observed between stage 4s and 4 < 18m, yet, association with chromosomes 1 (P < 0.0001) and 11 (P = 0.005) was maintained. Distinct gene expression profiles but no significant association with specific chromosomal region localization was observed between stage 4s and stage 4 < 18 months without MYCN amplification.

Conclusion

Specific chromosomal aberrations are associated with distinct gene expression profiles which characterize spontaneously regressing or aggressive infant NB, providing the biological basis for the distinct clinical behaviour.