Several groups of glial cells in adult normal and gliotic brains expressed FABP7. A, scattered FABP7-positive Type 1 cells (arrowheads) were detected in normal cerebral cortex. Nuclei of these cells were irregular or elongated, and appeared to be larger than those of oligodendrocytes. B, FABP7-positive Type 1 cells usually had only one or two processes (arrowheads), and were distinctive from GFAP-expressing astrocytes bearing elaborate processes (arrow). C and D, all FABP7-positive Type 2 cells localized at the subpial layer had numerous processes and expressed GFAP. Arrowheads in C indicate pia. Some GFAP+/FABP7- astrocytes could be seen. E, scattered FABP7-positive Type 1 cells were detected in normal cerebellum (arrowheads), whereas granule cells and Purkinje cells (P) were FABP7 negative. F, FABP7 and GFAP staining identified two distinctive populations of astrocytes. Arrowheads indicate the process of a FABP7-positive Type 1 cell. G, the number of FABP7-positive cells was increased in gliotic tissues, and Types 3 (arrow in inset) and 4 (arrowhead) cells appeared. H, in a region of perivascular gliosis, several GFAP+/FABP+ reactive astrocytes (Type 4) were seen. There were also FABP7-negative reactive astrocytes (arrowheads) and Type 1 cells (arrows) in this region. Strong immunofluorescence inside the vessel (V) was autofluorescence. I is a schematic summary of the morphology of the four types of glial cells identified in normal and gliotic adult brains. Gray color indicates FABP7 immunoreactivity. Note that Type 3 cells have gemistocytic characteristics and usually do not have nuclear FABP7. Bars in A,C,E,G, 50μm; bars in B, D, F, H, 20μm, and red and green fluorescence represents FABP7 and GFAP, respectively.
Liang et al. BMC Cancer 2006 6:97 doi:10.1186/1471-2407-6-97