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Open Access Research article

Relationship between cyclooxygenase 8473T>C polymorphism and the risk of lung cancer: a case-control study

Jung Min Park1, Jin Eun Choi1, Myung Hwa Chae1, Won Kee Lee2, Sung Ick Cha3, Ji-Woong Son4, Chang Ho Kim3, Sin Kam2, Young Mo Kang3, Tae Hoon Jung3 and Jae Yong Park13*

Author Affiliations

1 Cancer Research Institute, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Dong In 2Ga 101, Daegu, 700-422, South Korea

2 Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Dong In 2Ga 101, Daegu, 700-422, South Korea

3 Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Dong In 2Ga 101, Daegu, 700-422, South Korea

4 Department of Internal Medicine, Konyang University College of Medicine, Naedong 26, Nonsan, 320-711, Korea

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BMC Cancer 2006, 6:70  doi:10.1186/1471-2407-6-70

Published: 17 March 2006

Abstract

Background

Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) plays an important role in the development of lung cancer. DNA sequence variations in the COX-2 gene may lead to altered COX-2 production and/or activity, and so they cause inter-individual differences in the susceptibility to lung cancer. To test this hypothesis, we investigated the association between the 8473T>C polymorphism in the 3'-untranslated region of the COX-2 gene and the risk of lung cancer in a Korean population.

Methods

The COX-2 genotypes were determined using PCR-based primer-introduced restriction analysis in 582 lung cancer patients and in 582 healthy controls that were frequency-matched for age and gender.

Results

The distribution of the COX-2 8473T>C genotypes was not significantly different between the overall lung cancer cases and the controls. However, when the cases were categorized by the tumor histology, the combined 8473 TC + CC genotype was associated with a significantly decreased risk of adenocarcinoma as compared with the 8473 TT genotype (adjusted OR = 0.64; 95% CI = 0.46–0.90, P = 0.01). On the stratification analysis, the protective effect of the combined 8473 TC + CC genotype against adenocarcinoma was statistically significant in the males, older individuals and ever-smokers (adjusted OR = 0.59; 95% CI = 0.39–0.91, P = 0.02; adjusted OR = 0.55; 95% CI = 0.33–0.93, P = 0.03; and adjusted OR = 0.57; 95% CI = 0.37–0.87, P = 0.01, respectively).

Conclusion

These findings suggest that the COX-2 8473T>C polymorphism could be used as a marker for the genetic susceptibility to adenocarcinoma of the lung.