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Open Access Research article

The role of sialomucin CD164 (MGC-24v or endolyn) in prostate cancer metastasis

AM Havens1, Y Jung1, YX Sun15, J Wang1, RB Shah2, HJ Bühring3, KJ Pienta4 and RS Taichman1*

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine, University of Michigan School of Dentistry, 1011 North University Ave., Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1078, USA

2 Department of Pathology, University of Michigan, 1500 E. Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-0692, USA

3 Department of Internal Medicine II, Division for Hematology, Immunology, Oncology and Rheumatology, University Hospital, Tübingen, Germany

4 Department of Urology, University of Michigan, 1500 E. Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-0692, USA

5 Department of Ophthalmology, Affiliated hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu 212001, China

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BMC Cancer 2006, 6:195  doi:10.1186/1471-2407-6-195

Published: 21 July 2006

Abstract

Background

The chemokine stromal derived factor-1 (SDF-1 or CXCL12) and its receptor CXCR4 have been demonstrated to be crucial for the homing of stem cells and prostate cancers to the marrow. While screening prostate cancers for CXCL12-responsive adhesion molecules, we identified CD164 (MGC-24) as a potential regulator of homing. CD164 is known to function as a receptor that regulates stem cell localization to the bone marrow.

Results

Using prostate cancer cell lines, it was demonstrated that CXCL12 induced both the expression of CD164 mRNA and protein. Functional studies demonstrated that blocking CD164 on prostate cancer cell lines reduced the ability of these cells to adhere to human bone marrow endothelial cells, and invade into extracellular matrices. Human tissue microarrays stained for CD164 demonstrated a positive correlation with prostate-specific antigen levels, while its expression was negatively correlated with the expression of androgen receptor.

Conclusion

Our findings suggest that CD164 may participate in the localization of prostate cancer cells to the marrow and is further evidence that tumor metastasis and hematopoietic stem cell trafficking may involve similar processes.