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Open Access Research article

Clinical implications of SPRR1A expression in diffuse large B-cell lymphomas: a prospective, observational study

Hao Zhang1, Jiyue Gao1, Zuowei Zhao1*, Man Li2 and Caigang Liu1*

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Breast Surgery, Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116023, China

2 Department of Oncology, Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116023, China

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BMC Cancer 2014, 14:333  doi:10.1186/1471-2407-14-333

Published: 14 May 2014

Abstract

Background

Certain markers have been identified over the last 10 years that facilitate the prediction of a patient’s prognosis; these markers have been proposed to be useful for risk stratification of lymphoma patients and for the development of specific therapeutic strategies. In the present study, we assessed the potential prognostic value of SPRR1A expression in 967 patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphomas.

Methods

All patients were enrolled between 2001 and 2007 (median follow-up, 53.3 months) in the Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University, First Hospital of China Medical University, and Liaoning Cancer Hospital. Immunohistochemical analysis was used to evaluate the expression of SPRR1A. Survival was analyzed using the Kaplan–Meier method. Multivariate analysis was conducted to adjust the effect of SPRR1A expression for potential, well-known, independent prognostic factors.

Results

Of the 967 patients examined, SPRR1A expression was detected in 305 (31.54%) patients on immunohistochemical analysis. The 5-year survival rate was significantly lower in patients with SPRR1A expression than in those without (26.9% vs. 53.2%, P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis identified SPRR1A expression as an independent predictor of survival in addition to lactate dehydrogenase level, clinical stage, and histologic subtype.

Conclusions

SPRR1A expression may be useful as a prognostic factor for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

Keywords:
Diffuse large B-cell lymphomas; Survival; SPRR1A