Expression of nerve growth factor and heme oxygenase-1 predict poor survival of breast carcinoma patients
1 Departments of Pathology, Research Institute of Clinical Medicine and Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju, Republic of Korea
2 Departments of Preventive Medicine, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju, Republic of Korea
3 Departments of Surgery, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju, Republic of Korea
4 Departments of Forensic Medicine, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju, Republic of Korea
5 Departments of Biochemistry, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Jeonju, Republic of Korea
BMC Cancer 2013, 13:516 doi:10.1186/1471-2407-13-516Published: 1 November 2013
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a neurotrophin and has been suggested to induce heme oxygenase-1 (HO1) expression. Although the role of HO1 in tumorigenesis remains controversial, recent evidence suggests NGF and HO1 as tumor-progressing factors. However, the correlative role of NGF and HO1 and their prognostic impact in breast carcinoma is unknown.
We investigated the expression and prognostic significance of the expression of NGF and HO1 in 145 cases of breast carcinoma.
Immunohistochemical expression of NGF and HO1 was observed in 31% and 49% of breast carcinoma, respectively. The expression of NGF and HO1 significantly associated with each other, and both have a significant association with histologic grade, HER2 expression, and latent distant metastasis. The expression of NGF and HO1 predicted shorter overall survival of breast carcinoma by univariate and multivariate analysis. NGF expression was an independent prognostic indicator for relapse-free survival by multivariate analysis. The combined expression pattern of NGF and HO1 was also an independent prognostic indicator of overall survival and relapse-free survival. The patients with tumors expressing NGF had the shortest survival and the patients with tumor, which did not express NGF or HO1 showed the longest survival time.
This study has demonstrated that individual expression of NGF or HO1, and the combined NGF/HO1 expression pattern could be prognostic indicators for breast carcinoma patients.