Open Access Research article

Phase II trial of neoadjuvant pemetrexed plus cisplatin followed by surgery and radiation in the treatment of pleural mesothelioma

Rea Federico1*, Favaretto Adolfo2, Marulli Giuseppe1, Spaggiari Lorenzo3, DePas Tommaso Martino4, Ceribelli Anna5, Paccagnella Adriano6, Crivellari Gino6, Russo Francesca7, Ceccarelli Matteo7, Kazeem Gbenga8, Marchi Paolo7* and Facciolo Francesco9

Author affiliations

1 Azienda Ospedaliera-Università di Padova, U.O. Chirurgia Toracica, Via Giustiniani 2, 35121 Padova, Italy

2 Istituto Oncologico Veneto, U.O. Oncologia Medica 2, Via Gattamelata 64, 35128 Padova, Italy

3 Istituto Europeo di Oncologia, Div. Chirurgia Toracica, Via Ripamonti 435, 20141 Milan, Italy

4 Istituto Europeo di Oncologia, Div. Oncologia Medica, Via Ripamonti 435, 20141 Milan, Italy

5 Istituto Nazionale Tumori “Regina Elena”, Div. Oncologia Medica, Via Chianesi 53, 00144 Rome, Italy

6 Ospedale dell’Angelo, Div. Oncologia Medica, Via Paccagnella 11, 30174 Mestre, (VE), Italy

7 Eli Lilly Italia, Via Gramsci 731/733, 50019 Sesto, Fiorentino, (FI), Italy

8 Eli Lilly UK, Erl Wood Manor, Windhlesham, Surrey GU20 6PH, United Kingdom (former employee

9 Istituto Nazionale Tumori “Regina Elena”, Div. Chirurgia Toracica, Via Chianesi 53, 00144 Rome, Italy

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Citation and License

BMC Cancer 2013, 13:22  doi:10.1186/1471-2407-13-22

Published: 16 January 2013

Abstract

Background

Malignant pleural mesothelioma is an aggressive tumor that has a poor prognosis and is resistant to unimodal approaches. Multimodal treatment has provided encouraging results.

Methods

Phase II, open-label study of the combination of chemotherapy (pemetrexed 500 mg/m2+cisplatin 75 mg/m2 IV every 21 days × 3 cycles), followed by surgery (en-bloc extrapleural pneumonectomy, 3–8 weeks after chemotherapy) and hemithoracic radiation (total radiation beam 54 Gy, received 4–8 weeks post-surgery). The primary endpoint was event-free survival, defined as the time from enrollment to time of first observation of disease progression, death due to any cause, or early treatment discontinuation.

Results

Fifty-four treatment-naïve patients with T1-3 N0-2 malignant pleural mesothelioma were enrolled, 52 (96.3%) completed chemotherapy, 45 (83.3%) underwent surgery, 22 (40.7%) completed the whole treatment including 90-day post-radiation follow-up. The median event-free survival was 6.9 months (95%CI: 5.0-10.5), median overall survival was 15.5 months (95%CI 11.0-NA) while median time-to-tumor response was 4.8 months (95%CI: 2.5-8.0). Eighteen (33.3%) and 13 (24.1%) patients were still event-free after 1 and 2 years, respectively. The most common treatment-emergent adverse events were nausea (63.0%), anemia (51.9%) and hypertension (42.6%).

Following two cardiopulmonary radiation-related deaths the protocol was amended (21 [38.9%] patients were already enrolled in the study): the total radiation beam was reduced from 54 Gy to 50.4 Gy and a more accurate selection of patients was recommended.

Conclusions

The combination of pemetrexed plus cisplatin followed by surgery and hemithoracic radiation is feasible and has a manageable toxicity profile in carefully selected patients. It may be worthy of further investigation.

Trial registration

Clinicaltrial.com registrationID #NCT00087698.

Keywords:
Pemetrexed; Pleural mesothelioma; Chemotherapy; Surgery; Radiation