Table 7

Other risk factors associated with nasal malignancies
Use of nasal lavage/nasal sprays Controls (%) Cases (%) OR (95% CI)
All study participants
Reference* 2.196 (91.5) 381 (89.2) 1.0
Ever use daily for at least 1 month 205 (8.5) 46 (10.8) 1.59 (1.04–2.44)
Per year of use 205 (8.5) 46 (10.8) 1.01 (.98–1.04)
Smokers
Reference* 1.296 (91.6) 265 (91.1) 1.00
Ever use daily for at least 1 month 119 (8.4) 27 (9.3) 1.70 (.92–3.14)
Per year of use 119 (8.4) 27 (9.3) 1.01 (.97–1.05)
Never-smokers
Reference* 900 (91.3) 116 (85.9) 1.00
Ever use daily for at least 1 month 86 (8.7) 19 (14.1) .89 (.37–2.13)
Per year of use 86 (8.7) 19 (14.1) .98 (.92–1.04)
Use of insecticides in homes
All study participants
Reference§ 2126 (88.5) 351 (82.2) 1.00
Ever use 275 (11.5) 76 (17.8) 1.48 (1.04–2.11)
Smokers
Reference§ 1226 (86.6) 238 (81.5) 1.00
Ever use 189 (13.4) 54 (18.5) 1.17 (0.71–1.91)
Never-smokers
Reference§ 900 (91.3) 113 (83.7) 1.00
Ever use 86 (8.7) 22 (16.3) 1.78 (.84–3.78)

* never used nasal sprays/nasal lavage daily for 1 month.

§ never used domestic insecticides.

Adjustments: nasal lavage/nasal sprays: year of birth, community size, educational attainment, pack-years (total population & smokers), snuff package-years, years of exposure to hardwood dust, asbestos, organic solvents, domestic use of insecticides.

Adjustments: domestic use of insecticides: year of birth, community size, educational attainment, pack-years (total population & smokers), snuff package-years, years of exposure to hardwood dust, asbestos, organic solvents, use of nasal spray/nasal lavage.

Greiser et al.

Greiser et al. BMC Cancer 2012 12:506   doi:10.1186/1471-2407-12-506

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