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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Oxidative stress and antioxidant status in primary bone and soft tissue sarcoma

Fatima M Nathan1*, Vivek A Singh2, Amreeta Dhanoa1 and Uma D Palanisamy1

Author Affiliations

1 Jeffrey Cheah School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Monash University Sunway, Jalan Lagoon Selatan, 46150, Bandar Sunway, Malaysia

2 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Malaya Medical Centre, Lembah Pantai, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

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BMC Cancer 2011, 11:382  doi:10.1186/1471-2407-11-382

Published: 27 August 2011

Abstract

Background

Oxidative stress is characterised by an increased level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that disrupts the intracellular reduction-oxidation (redox) balance and has been implicated in various diseases including cancer. Malignant tumors of connective tissue or sarcomas account for approximately 1% of all cancer diagnoses in adults and around 15% of paediatric malignancies per annum. There exists no information on the alterations of oxidant/antioxidant status of sarcoma patients in literature. This study was aimed to determine the levels of oxidative stress and antioxidant defence in patients with primary bone and soft tissue sarcoma and to investigate if there exists any significant differences in these levels between both the sarcomas.

Methods

The study cohort consisted of 94 subjects; 20 soft tissue sarcoma, 27 primary bone sarcoma and 47 healthy controls. Malondialdehyde (MDA) and protein carbonyls were determined to assess their oxidative stress levels while antioxidant status was evaluated using catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), thiols and trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC).

Results

Sarcoma patients showed significant increase in plasma and urinary MDA and serum protein carbonyl levels (p < 0.05) while significant decreases were noted in TEAC, thiols, CAT and SOD levels (p < 0.05). No significant difference in oxidative damage was noted between both the sarcomas (p > 0.05).

Conclusions

In conclusion, an increase in oxidative stress and decrease in antioxidant status is observed in both primary bone and soft tissue sarcomas with a similar extent of damage. This study offers the basis for further work on whether the manipulation of redox balance in patients with sarcoma represents a useful approach in the design of future therapies for bone disease.